Moss can be found in any forest. It covers the ground, the trees, stumps and other wet places in tropical and equatorial forests. Simultaneously, mosses somehow survive on almost bare rocks and in cold climates. What strange organisms are these mosses?
This is an ancient group of plants that appeared about 500 million years ago. It has no flowers. Scientists who study mosses are called bryologists.
Mosses absorb water with the entire surface of the body, and therefore they can live almost everywhere where there is enough moisture in the air. They live on all continents of the Earth. You know, they are one of the pioneers of the land, giving rise to new habitats for phytocenosis.
During prolonged drought and lack of soil water, mosses can dry out and thus experience an unfavorable period for them. As soon as moisture appears, they come to life again. They accumulate a large amount of water in special cells, thereby helping the soil to get rid of its excess. Sphagnum contributes to the swamping of the occupied territory.