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Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Category Archive: Inventions

Interesting about Cosmetics

Interesting about Cosmetics

Interesting about Cosmetics


Cosmetics are products that people put on their bodies to make themselves feel more beautiful. There are many types of cosmetics, including face makeup, nail polish, lotions, perfumes, and shampoos. Cosmetics were also used in ancient times. Today millions of people throughout the world use cosmetics every day.
Ancient Egyptians were the first people known to use cosmetics. Egyptian men and women used perfumed oils to keep their skin from drying out. They also used natural coloring on their eyelids and eyelashes. The Romans later introduced more types of cosmetics.
Historians argue that the first lipstick appeared 12 thousand years ago. It could be juice of berries, mush made from plants or bark of trees. The first documentary evidence of the use of lipstick was found in the chronicles of Ancient Babylon. The Mesopotamian nobles used a creamy substance made from crushed semiprecious stones and minerals.
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Shield – military armor

Shield - military armor

Shield – military armor


Shield is an old military armor. Soldiers used it to protect themselves from weapons. Most of the shields were usually made of wood, rods and leather, bound with bronze, iron. The form of the shields could be round, oval, rectangular, triangular, often with a curved plane.
During excavation of Scythian burials, the remains of shields with a metal coating were found. Shields decorated with precious metals and gems were considered very expensive gifts, they were presented to the most notable soldiers.
Round shields were a universal category of shields. The shield was bulging and the weapon slipped from it. Later, people used almond-shaped shields covering almost the entire body from the chin to the knees. Then triangular, trapezoidal, rectangular shields appeared.
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Paper – useful material

Paper - useful material

Paper – useful material


People use paper for writing, printing, wrapping, and many other purposes. Hundreds of years ago people made paper by hand. Today machines produce most paper. First, the wood fibers are soaked in water and creates a soupy mixture. Next, this mixture is spread on a screen and rollers press out water. Once the fibers are dry, they have become a sheet of paper.
Paper is available in a wide variety of weights, colors, textures, and finishes for a multitude of purposes. Everyday writing and printer paper is thin and smooth. Paper used for arts and crafts is thicker and textured. Cardboard is a thick type of paper used to make packaging. Paper used for newspapers is thin and cheap. Recycled paper is made from used paper.
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Automobiles History

Automobiles History

Automobiles History


The first true automobile was a machine that had three wheels and was powered by steam. It was built by Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot in 1769. It was heavy and moved very slowly. A disadvantage of steam was that water had to be brought to a boil before the car could go. During the late 1890s and early 1900s manufacturers produced cars run by electric motors. Electric cars did not run well at high speeds and had to have their batteries recharged every 80 kilometers.
In 1860 Etienne Lenoir developed a gasoline-powered internal-combustion engine and 16 years later the German Nikolaus Otto built an improved gasoline engine. In 1893 the brothers Charles E. and J. Frank Duryea built the first successful gasoline-powered car in the United States.
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Spoon – useful thing

Spoon – useful thing

Spoon – useful thing


Once a person had liquid food, he had no choice but to invent a spoon. The ancient Egyptians had spoons made of wood, stone and ivory. In ancient Rome, they used spoons made of bronze and silver. In the Middle Ages, rich people ate with silver spoons, while the rest of the spoons were made of tin and wood. In the countries of Northern and Eastern Europe, which were rich in forests, spoons were carved out of wood.
In Russia spoons appeared at least two thousand years ago. In ancient Novgorod there were various wooden spoons decorated with paintings and carvings. Silver spoons in Russia were made by forging. For a simple Russian peasant, the spoon was one of the few personal things. Therefore, it was protected and marked.
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Umbrella – protection from sun and rain

Umbrella – protection from sun and rain

Umbrella – protection from sun and rain


Today, each of us can afford to have our own umbrella. However, in ancient times umbrellas were the privilege of distinguished persons.
The first image of the umbrella is found on the monument to Sargon the Ancient, the king of Akkad, built around 2400 BC in honor of the victories of the ruler, who united all the Sumerian territories (modern Iraq). Sargon is pictured ahead of his army, and a servant with a sun umbrella stands behind him.
Years passed. Sun umbrellas became popular all over the Mediterranean and reached Egypt. When traveling on chariots, Pharaoh and his family members used sun umbrellas. The first Egyptian umbrellas were made of palm branches, later they were made of papyrus.
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Damned and Blessed Mold

Damned and Blessed Mold

Damned and Blessed Mold


It appeared on Earth 200 million years ago. Since then it is killing and … saving from death. It is called the “bread of Devil” and the “spit of God”. It is fabulously beautiful, but it also disgusts. It is omnipresent and ineradicable. It accompanies a person from birth to death. Perhaps it is a keeper of life on Earth, but it can turn into a plague of the XXI century. And we do not even guess what ancient secrets and hidden forces are stored in this damned and blessed mold.
Molds are fungi that are microscopic in size. They are eukaryotic organisms. Molds grow indoors and outdoors, and can grow year-round. They are important in the natural environment because they hasten the decomposition of organic material such as fallen leaves and dead trees. For humans, the molds can cause allergic reactions.
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