Lake Baikal – Pearl of Siberia
Baikal is one of the oldest lakes located on Earth and it is the largest storage of fresh water. Its water is very clear and clean. The taste of water from this lake is similar to distilled liquid. It contains a small amount of organic impurities, as well as suspended and dissolved minerals. The amount of water here exceeds the great lakes of the northern part of America.
What is more, it is the lake with the greatest depth. The average depth of the lake is 730 meters (the deepest point is 1642 meters). And the water is very clear that even at a depth of 40 meters stones and other objects are visible.
Each year, approximately 5 tons of oil is produced from the bottom of the lake. 13,300 rivers flow into Baikal, and only 1 river flows out of it.
Despite the fact it is not the sea, storms very often occur there and high waves appear. The height of the waves reaches 4-5 meters.
Scientists believe that Baikal is more than 25 million years old, but despite this lake remains young.
The lake begins to freeze in December, and this process ends in January, so it needs a month to freeze completely.
You know, it is also called the lake of the sun. This is due to the fact that the number of sunny days in this territory breaks all records.
More than 50 species of fish live here. By the way, some unique animals and insects live on the territory of the lake. Seals live on the lake, but where they came from remains a mystery. Here is Barguzinsky Nature Reserve, the purpose of which is to protect rare species of animals. The park has thermal springs with water temperatures above 70 ° C.
In ancient times, the lake was called Bei Hai, which means “rich deer” in translation. For the first time, it was mentioned in ancient Chinese annals.
Famous director James Cameron celebrated his birthday on Lake Baikal, because he admires the nature of this place.
Moreover, it is considered a magnet of anomalies. According to eyewitnesses, UFOs often appear there.