Cypresses are evergreen trees and shrubs, that have fragrant, durable wood. There are about 20 different species of cypress. They grow in warm parts of Europe, Asia, and North America. Cypresses reach heights of 25 meters or more. Some cypresses have a pyramid shape while others grow into tall columns. The bark is sometimes smooth, but it usually forms plates or strips. The leaves are small and look like scales covering the branches. These trees produce cones that have a woody or leathery covering and are usually round.
The Saharan cypress is covered in reddish-brown bark containing many deep cracks. It can grow to a height of 20 meters and a diameter of 4 meters. The tree’s small cones are yellow or gray-brown. Saharan cypresses can live for more than 1,000 years.