Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Category Archive: Nature

Fig – Poor Man’s Food

Fig - Poor Man’s Food

Fig – Poor Man’s Food


In Mediterranean countries the fig is called the “poor man’s food.” There are four main types of figs: caprifig, Smyrna, White San Pedro, and Common. Its scientific name is Ficus carica.
The juicy fruit cannot remain fresh for long. So it has to be dried in the sun before it is sent to the market. Figs have a sweet, nutty taste and a chewy texture.
Figs were first found growing around the Mediterranean Sea. Spanish missionaries introduced the fig tree to Mexico and California. Turkey is the leading producer of figs.
The fig trees produce two or three crops a year.
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Amphibians – Land-and-Water Dwellers

Amphibians - Land-and-Water Dwellers

Amphibians – Land-and-Water Dwellers


Millions of years ago, a group of fish began to breathe both in and out of the water. Later they began to develop legs. These animals became amphibians, the ancestors of all reptiles, birds, and mammals. They first ventured out on land some 370 million years ago.
The word “amphibian” comes from the Greek words amphi, which means “both,” and bios, which means “life.” Amphibians are cold-blooded vertebrates that live both in freshwater and on land. Their body temperature generally matches the temperature around them and to warm up, amphibians often bask in the sun.
There are three main groups of amphibians. The largest group includes the true frogs, tree frogs, and toads. The second group is the salamanders. The third group is the caecilians, wormlike creatures.
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Mysterious Fog

Mysterious Fog

Mysterious Fog


Fog is tiny water drops hovering in the air. It is like a cloud on the ground. Thick fog makes it difficult to see the surrounding landscape.
Fog forms from water vapor, which turns back into liquid, when the air cools. A gentle wind helps fog to form and to stay in the air. It is very common in valleys and near bodies of water and usually forms at night. In the morning it disappears.
Water droplets in the fog have a size of only about 0.01 mm. A thick fog contains approximately 1200 drops per cubic cm.
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Algae – useful organisms

Algae – useful organisms

Algae – useful organisms


Algae are living things, that are found all over the world. They make much of Earth’s oxygen. Some algae, such as seaweeds, look like plants. However, algae are actually neither plants nor animals. They belong to protists. There are about 27,000 different species of algae. They live in water, soil or on leaves, wood, stones, and even on animals.
Algae can be green, blue, red, or brown. They vary in size and do not have stems or leaves, do not produce flowers or seeds.
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Flea – interesting parasite

Flea – interesting parasite

Flea – interesting parasite


Fleas are insects that live as parasites on birds and mammals, including humans. They depend on the animal they live on for food. Fleas bite the animal and feed on its blood. They can spread diseases. There are about 1,600 species of flea. The largest individual is only about 1 centimeter long. Fleas are excellent jumpers.
A flea has four stages of life: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. A female flea can lay more than 20 eggs every day. Adult fleas live for a few weeks to about a year.
Fleas commonly spend a great deal of time off their hosts, for example, in vegetation or on the ground. They can generally survive for a long time without feeding.
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Bean – great source of protein

Bean – great source of protein

Bean – great source of protein


Beans are excellent source of protein and are used in many dishes. The scientific family includes peas, peanuts, lentils and beans.
Beans come in many different shapes, sizes, and colors. They can be white, green, yellow, tan, pink, red, brown, purple, and black. Beans grow inside pods, which are usually 7 to 20 centimeters long.
One of the most useful beans is the soybean. Many chemical products, including paint, are made from soybean oil. They are used to make soy milk, soy sauce, and tofu.
Beans have numerous associations with various spirits. The early Aryans valued beans highly as a food offering to the dead.
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Goat – Surefooted Mountain Climber

Goat - Surefooted Mountain Climber

Goat – Surefooted Mountain Climber


Goats are horned mammals closely related to sheep. People raise goats for their milk, hair, and meat. In many countries, people make butter, cheese and even ice cream from goat’s milk. In Spain, goats are the main source of milk.
A domestic goat usually weighs about 45 to 54 kilograms. Both male and female goats may have horns. Most males also grow beards.
Goats eat grass and shrubs.
Wild goats are animals of the mountains. Most wild goats live in herds of 5 to 20 animals. There are several types of wild goats – the ibex, the markhor, the tahr, and the goral.
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