In Mediterranean countries the fig is called the “poor man’s food.” There are four main types of figs: caprifig, Smyrna, White San Pedro, and Common. Its scientific name is Ficus carica.
The juicy fruit cannot remain fresh for long. So it has to be dried in the sun before it is sent to the market. Figs have a sweet, nutty taste and a chewy texture.
Figs were first found growing around the Mediterranean Sea. Spanish missionaries introduced the fig tree to Mexico and California. Turkey is the leading producer of figs.
The fig trees produce two or three crops a year.