One of the most ambiguous colors, yellow is the color of sunlight, gold, and happiness. Besides, it is the color of intellect and enlightenment. At the same time, it is the color of envy, disgrace, deceit, betrayal, and cowardice. In Islam, golden yellow is the color of wisdom, and during the Chinese Ch’ing dynasty (1644-1912), only the emperor could wear yellow.
However, in the Christian tradition, Judas wore a yellow cloak when he betrayed Jesus with a kiss. In his book “The Primary Colors”, Alexander Theroux expounds the enigma of yellow: “So few colors give the viewer such a feeling of ambivalence or leave in one such powerful, viscerally enforced connotations and contradictions. Desire and renunciation. Dreams and decadence. Shining light and shallowness. Gold here. Grief there. An intimate mirroring in its emblematic significance of glory in one instance and, in yet another, painful, disturbing estrangement. An opposing duality seems mysteriously constant.”