Spain is a country in the southwestern corner of Europe. Its area is 504,782 square kilometers. Kingdom of Spain is the official name. It borders Portugal, France and Andorra. But most of the country lies along the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, so there are a lot of beautiful beaches. The Pyrenees Mountains form a natural border between Spain and France.
The Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean belong to Spain. By the way, Spain controls the cities of Ceuta and Melilla in northern Morocco.
In ancient times many different peoples from Europe and North Africa settled in Spain. The Romans ruled the region from the 200s BC to the AD 400s. Muslim Arabs invaded in 711. After more than 700 years Christian kingdoms in the north began to take back territory.
In the 1500s and 1600s, Spain was a world power. It was the first country to colonize much of the Americas. The powerful navy was called the Spanish Armada.