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Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Category Archive: Countries and cities

Spain – distinctive European Country

Spain - distinctive European Country

Spain – distinctive European Country


Spain is a country in the southwestern corner of Europe. Its area is 504,782 square kilometers. Kingdom of Spain is the official name. It borders Portugal, France and Andorra. But most of the country lies along the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, so there are a lot of beautiful beaches. The Pyrenees Mountains form a natural border between Spain and France.
The Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean belong to Spain. By the way, Spain controls the cities of Ceuta and Melilla in northern Morocco.
In ancient times many different peoples from Europe and North Africa settled in Spain. The Romans ruled the region from the 200s BC to the AD 400s. Muslim Arabs invaded in 711. After more than 700 years Christian kingdoms in the north began to take back territory.
In the 1500s and 1600s, Spain was a world power. It was the first country to colonize much of the Americas. The powerful navy was called the Spanish Armada.
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Turkey – amazing country

Turkey – amazing country

Turkey – amazing country


Turkey lies partly in Asia and partly in Europe. For centuries it was the heart of two great empires – the Christian Byzantine Empire and the Islamic Ottoman Empire. Most of Turkey is on Anatolian peninsula and its small part is in southeastern Europe. Narrow waterways and the Sea of Marmara separate the two parts of Turkey. Its official name is the Republic of Turkey. Its area is 780,580 square kilometers. Turkey borders Bulgaria, Greece, Iraq, Syria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran and Georgia.
Humans have lived in the Asian part of Turkey, called Anatolia, since at least 7000 BC. Greeks and Persians later fought over the land. Romans took over Anatolia by about 30 BC. In AD 395 the Roman Empire was divided into western and eastern parts. The eastern part became known as the Byzantine Empire. Constantinople (now called Istanbul) was the capital. The Seljuk Turks invaded Anatolia in the 1040s.
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Jaipur – Pink City

Jaipur – Pink City

Jaipur – Pink City


If you believe the guidebooks, Jaipur, the capital of the Indian state of Rajasthan, began to be called Pink City in 1875. Before the visit of the Prince of Wales, son of the British Queen Victoria, the facades of the city buildings were painted pink. But the city’s buildings were primarily built from pink sandstone. The influence of Islamic art in the form of Moorish arches or lattice windows was reflected in the architectural appearance of the new capital, founded in 1727.
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, who was then governor (the city was named in his honor), hired Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, young talented architect from Bengal, to fulfill his dreams about perfect city. And this, perhaps, was the first city in India, built according to the plan, based on the Shilpa Shastras (the ancient Indian treatise on architecture) principles. According to it, the city was divided into rectangular sectors with parallel streets. In the central part of Jaipur, most of the palaces and monuments are located.
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Siege of Leningrad. Pages of history

Siege of Leningrad. Pages of history

Siege of Leningrad. Pages of history


During World War II German and Finnish armies besieged Leningrad for 872 days. It was the Soviet Union’s second largest city and important center for armaments production. The destruction of Leningrad was one of Adolf Hitler’s strategic objectives in attacking the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941. German Army Group North sealed off Leningrad on September 8, 1941. About 2.5 million people were trapped within the city. During the siege of Leningrad 632 000 people died of hunger, 17 000 Leningraders were killed by bombs and shells, 840 factories and 53.5 million square feet of housing were destroyed.
The only connection that Leningrad maintained with the rest of the Soviet Union was across Lake Ladoga, which German aircraft patrolled.
Hitler’s plan was to subdue Leningrad through blockade, bombardment, and starvation prior to seizing the city. German artillery gunners, together with the Luftwaffe, killed approximately 17,000 Leningraders during the siege.
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Liberia – Africa’s Oldest Republic

Liberia - Africa’s Oldest Republic

Liberia – Africa’s Oldest Republic


Liberia is the oldest republic in Africa and its name means “land of the free”. In the 1820s some Americans who opposed slavery bought land in West Africa and used it to create a new country for freed slaves. This country was called Liberia. Its area is 111,370 square kilometers. The official name is Republic of Liberia. To find out about Liberia’s past you can visit the Malima Gorblah Village and Besao Village which preserve the country’s old culture. Liberia borders Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Côte d’Ivoire. The Atlantic Ocean lies to the southwest.
The country’s climate is warm and humid all year and rainy from May to October. Two rare animals are found in Liberia: the pygmy hippopotamus and the manatee. Liberian farmers grow rubber trees, coffee, and cocoa, rice, sugarcane, bananas, and yams.
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Guinea – Forests and Minerals

Guinea - Forests and Minerals

Guinea – Forests and Minerals


Guinea is a country in western Africa on the Atlantic Ocean. It borders Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. The Fouta Djallon highlands cover much of central Guinea. Many of the major African rivers begin in this area, including the Gambia, the Senegal, the Niger, and 19 others. Guinea has a hot, humid climate with dry winters and wet summers. Its area is 245,857 square kilometers. The official name is Republic of Guinea.
Most people in Guinea work as farmers and grow rice, cassava, sweet potatoes, bananas, coffee, pineapples, peanuts, yams, and corn. Guinea has large amounts of such minerals as bauxite, iron ore, gold, and diamonds. In fact, Guinea is one of the world’s top producers of bauxite, which is used to make aluminum.
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Lebanon – small Middle Eastern country

Lebanon - small Middle Eastern country

Lebanon – small Middle Eastern country


Lebanon is a small Middle Eastern country on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The official name of the country is Lebanese Republic. It is mostly mountainous. The major mountain range, called the Lebanon Mountains, extends about 161 km northeast to southwest. Qurnat as-Sawda is the highest point (3,088 m). Mt. Hermon, which rises to 2,813 m, is the country’s second-highest peak. The area of the country is 10,400 square kilometers. It borders Israel and Syria. Lebanon has few year-round rivers. Its most important, and longest, river is the Al-Ljtanj (145 km).
Lebanon has a subtropical, temperate Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and cool, humid winters.
Lebanon’s mineral resources include salt, limestone, silica, and gypsum. The mountains are a good source of iron ore. Major crops include potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, citrus fruits, onions, grapes, apples, and olives. Goats and sheep are the main livestock.
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