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Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Heron – amazing bird

Heron – amazing bird

Heron – amazing bird


Heron is an amazing long-legged bird. It typically can be found in ponds, marshes, and swamps. Herons feed while standing or walking in shallow water. They live nearly all over the world, except in Antarctica and arctic North America and Eurasia. There are about 60 species of heron. Several types are called egrets.
A heron is a tall bird with broad wings and a long neck. Its bill is long, straight, and pointed. These birds often have gray, brown, black, or white feathers.
Herons feed on fish, amphibians, snakes, small mammals, and other animals living in the shallow waters of wetlands. You know, herons stand in the water on one foot because the water is usually cold. Thus, they warm the feet one by one. It may stand on one leg motionless for several hours.
These birds typically build platform nests of sticks in trees, sometimes with many nests in a single, large tree. By the way, these birds are considered monogamous. But usually their relationship lasts for one season. As an exception, there are couples whose family life lasts two years or more.
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Spain – distinctive European Country

Spain - distinctive European Country

Spain – distinctive European Country


Spain is a country in the southwestern corner of Europe. Its area is 504,782 square kilometers. Kingdom of Spain is the official name. It borders Portugal, France and Andorra. But most of the country lies along the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, so there are a lot of beautiful beaches. The Pyrenees Mountains form a natural border between Spain and France.
The Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean belong to Spain. By the way, Spain controls the cities of Ceuta and Melilla in northern Morocco.
In ancient times many different peoples from Europe and North Africa settled in Spain. The Romans ruled the region from the 200s BC to the AD 400s. Muslim Arabs invaded in 711. After more than 700 years Christian kingdoms in the north began to take back territory.
In the 1500s and 1600s, Spain was a world power. It was the first country to colonize much of the Americas. The powerful navy was called the Spanish Armada.
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Interesting valenki

Interesting valenki

Interesting valenki


Nowadays, valenki are again in fashion. Valenki are traditional Russian footwear made of felt. They are colorful and very warm.
People learned to make felt long ago. Carpets, hats, clothes, and many other things were already made of it long before our era. A thousand and a half years ago, people already knew how to make shoes with felt inserts. Then they began to sew the felt and make slippers. And only about two hundred years ago, an unknown master made a felt boot without seams.
Technologically, the manufacture of valenki is not complicated. At first the wool is cleaned and rolled for a long time. Then it is washed, beat and dried. To give color, they use alum, bluestone and blue sandalwood, and for lightening they use whitewash mixed with fresh milk or bleach in the sun.
If you want to get smooth valenki you should rub them with a pumice stone. And if you need woolly valenki you should use a grater.
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Walking stick – Gentleman’s Companion

Walking stick - Gentleman's Companion

Walking stick – Gentleman’s Companion


A walking stick is one of the most ancient objects in man’s everyday life. Having appeared as an irreplaceable thing in everyday life – shepherd’s stick, prop, crutch, it very soon turned into a symbol of supreme power and the most important attribute of rituals and divine services.
Osiris, Isis, Ra, Seth were portrayed with a stick. Ancient Greek and Roman gods also had ritual sticks. The triumphant stick, decorated with a golden eagle, the indispensable accessory of the commander, subsequently became a sign of the imperial power. By the way, the sticks were found in virtually all rooms of the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun.
In medieval miniatures, Byzantine mosaics and frescos one can see simple elongated sticks, sometimes with a curved upper part or with a spherical shape, a knob topped with a shamrock, in the hands of the saints.
The hierarchs of the Christian church were depicted with long sticks with a rich gold pommel-cross. The stick of the bishops had an almost annular curved knob in the form of a blossoming branch – in memory of the flourished rod of Aaron. This form of the stick became dominant for the abbots of the Roman Catholic Church.
In all cultures, the stick was associated with the image of the traveler.
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Interesting facts about wonderful silk

Interesting facts about wonderful silk

Interesting facts about wonderful silk


Silk is one of the most valuable and beautiful fabrics. It was highly appreciated a millennium ago, and our contemporaries are fond of it. You know, it is produced from threads extracted from the cocoon of silkworm. The length of one such thread from one cocoon can reach 800-100 meters!
Silkworms are actually caterpillars, not worms. They build cocoons to protect themselves while they change into a moth.
By the way, some spiders also make silk. They weave silk webs to catch insects. However, the silk made by spiders is too thin for making cloth.
To process silk, the cocoons are first put in hot water. This softens the cocoons so the silk can be unwound.
Silk was such an important product during ancient times that the major trade route between East Asia, West Asia, and Europe was called the Silk Roads.

Interesting facts
1. The production of 500 grams of silk requires about 3 thousand cocoons of silkworm. It takes 12 hours of work to make a skein of silk thread weighing 250 grams.
2. Silk thread has tremendous strength, it withstands strong pressure and is very strong at breaking. Not so long ago it was found out that 16 layers of silk withstand a bullet from the Magnum 357 (with a lead core).
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Turkey – amazing country

Turkey – amazing country

Turkey – amazing country


Turkey lies partly in Asia and partly in Europe. For centuries it was the heart of two great empires – the Christian Byzantine Empire and the Islamic Ottoman Empire. Most of Turkey is on Anatolian peninsula and its small part is in southeastern Europe. Narrow waterways and the Sea of Marmara separate the two parts of Turkey. Its official name is the Republic of Turkey. Its area is 780,580 square kilometers. Turkey borders Bulgaria, Greece, Iraq, Syria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran and Georgia.
Humans have lived in the Asian part of Turkey, called Anatolia, since at least 7000 BC. Greeks and Persians later fought over the land. Romans took over Anatolia by about 30 BC. In AD 395 the Roman Empire was divided into western and eastern parts. The eastern part became known as the Byzantine Empire. Constantinople (now called Istanbul) was the capital. The Seljuk Turks invaded Anatolia in the 1040s.
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Great Barrier Reef – Island of Reefs

Great Barrier Reef - Island of Reefs

Great Barrier Reef – Island of Reefs


The Great Barrier Reef is one of the great natural wonders of the world, the largest coral reef on Earth. It is a system of many individual reefs and small islands. Altogether there are 2,900 individual reefs. It lies in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Queensland in northeastern Australia. From north to south its length is more than 2,000 kilometers.
The Great Barrier Reef was formed over millions of years from mounds of coral. There are at least 300 types of hard coral. The corals died but their shells remained, and other corals grew on top of it. Over those millions of years, the corals cemented together and were covered with underwater plants, debris from the ocean. Most of the reefs are under water (bare during low tides).
The sea life of the reef is extraordinary. And there are more than 1,500 species of saltwater fish. Besides the 400 types of coral, there are anemones, sponges, snails, worms, lobsters, prawns, jellyfish, crayfish, giant clams, and dugongs.
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