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Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Interesting facts about wonderful silk

Interesting facts about wonderful silk

Interesting facts about wonderful silk


Silk is one of the most valuable and beautiful fabrics. It was highly appreciated a millennium ago, and our contemporaries are fond of it. You know, it is produced from threads extracted from the cocoon of silkworm. The length of one such thread from one cocoon can reach 800-100 meters!
Silkworms are actually caterpillars, not worms. They build cocoons to protect themselves while they change into a moth.
By the way, some spiders also make silk. They weave silk webs to catch insects. However, the silk made by spiders is too thin for making cloth.
To process silk, the cocoons are first put in hot water. This softens the cocoons so the silk can be unwound.
Silk was such an important product during ancient times that the major trade route between East Asia, West Asia, and Europe was called the Silk Roads.

Interesting facts
1. The production of 500 grams of silk requires about 3 thousand cocoons of silkworm. It takes 12 hours of work to make a skein of silk thread weighing 250 grams.
2. Silk thread has tremendous strength, it withstands strong pressure and is very strong at breaking. Not so long ago it was found out that 16 layers of silk withstand a bullet from the Magnum 357 (with a lead core).
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Turkey – amazing country

Turkey – amazing country

Turkey – amazing country


Turkey lies partly in Asia and partly in Europe. For centuries it was the heart of two great empires – the Christian Byzantine Empire and the Islamic Ottoman Empire. Most of Turkey is on Anatolian peninsula and its small part is in southeastern Europe. Narrow waterways and the Sea of Marmara separate the two parts of Turkey. Its official name is the Republic of Turkey. Its area is 780,580 square kilometers. Turkey borders Bulgaria, Greece, Iraq, Syria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran and Georgia.
Humans have lived in the Asian part of Turkey, called Anatolia, since at least 7000 BC. Greeks and Persians later fought over the land. Romans took over Anatolia by about 30 BC. In AD 395 the Roman Empire was divided into western and eastern parts. The eastern part became known as the Byzantine Empire. Constantinople (now called Istanbul) was the capital. The Seljuk Turks invaded Anatolia in the 1040s.
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Great Barrier Reef – Island of Reefs

Great Barrier Reef - Island of Reefs

Great Barrier Reef – Island of Reefs


The Great Barrier Reef is one of the great natural wonders of the world, the largest coral reef on Earth. It is a system of many individual reefs and small islands. Altogether there are 2,900 individual reefs. It lies in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Queensland in northeastern Australia. From north to south its length is more than 2,000 kilometers.
The Great Barrier Reef was formed over millions of years from mounds of coral. There are at least 300 types of hard coral. The corals died but their shells remained, and other corals grew on top of it. Over those millions of years, the corals cemented together and were covered with underwater plants, debris from the ocean. Most of the reefs are under water (bare during low tides).
The sea life of the reef is extraordinary. And there are more than 1,500 species of saltwater fish. Besides the 400 types of coral, there are anemones, sponges, snails, worms, lobsters, prawns, jellyfish, crayfish, giant clams, and dugongs.
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Deer – graceful animal

Deer – graceful animal

Deer – graceful animal


Deer are generally slender and long-legged. Their most striking characteristic is the presence of antlers. The deer family includes about 45 species. The legs are long and slender, well-suited for fast running. Most species of deer have antlers. Usually only males have them, however, in Rangifer, the caribou, both sexes have antlers. Other species, such as the Chinese water deer and the tufted deer, have tusks. Deer are native to Europe, Asia, North America, South America, and northern Africa. People have brought them to Australia, New Zealand, and other areas. Most deer live in small family groups, though the males generally spend some time alone. Female deer usually give birth to one or two young.
The smallest deer, the South American pudu, is about 30 centimeters tall at the shoulder. The largest deer, the moose, may be more than 2.1 meters tall at the shoulder.
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Jaipur – Pink City

Jaipur – Pink City

Jaipur – Pink City


If you believe the guidebooks, Jaipur, the capital of the Indian state of Rajasthan, began to be called Pink City in 1875. Before the visit of the Prince of Wales, son of the British Queen Victoria, the facades of the city buildings were painted pink. But the city’s buildings were primarily built from pink sandstone. The influence of Islamic art in the form of Moorish arches or lattice windows was reflected in the architectural appearance of the new capital, founded in 1727.
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, who was then governor (the city was named in his honor), hired Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, young talented architect from Bengal, to fulfill his dreams about perfect city. And this, perhaps, was the first city in India, built according to the plan, based on the Shilpa Shastras (the ancient Indian treatise on architecture) principles. According to it, the city was divided into rectangular sectors with parallel streets. In the central part of Jaipur, most of the palaces and monuments are located.
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Siege of Leningrad. Pages of history

Siege of Leningrad. Pages of history

Siege of Leningrad. Pages of history


During World War II German and Finnish armies besieged Leningrad for 872 days. It was the Soviet Union’s second largest city and important center for armaments production. The destruction of Leningrad was one of Adolf Hitler’s strategic objectives in attacking the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941. German Army Group North sealed off Leningrad on September 8, 1941. About 2.5 million people were trapped within the city. During the siege of Leningrad 632 000 people died of hunger, 17 000 Leningraders were killed by bombs and shells, 840 factories and 53.5 million square feet of housing were destroyed.
The only connection that Leningrad maintained with the rest of the Soviet Union was across Lake Ladoga, which German aircraft patrolled.
Hitler’s plan was to subdue Leningrad through blockade, bombardment, and starvation prior to seizing the city. German artillery gunners, together with the Luftwaffe, killed approximately 17,000 Leningraders during the siege.
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Liberia – Africa’s Oldest Republic

Liberia - Africa’s Oldest Republic

Liberia – Africa’s Oldest Republic


Liberia is the oldest republic in Africa and its name means “land of the free”. In the 1820s some Americans who opposed slavery bought land in West Africa and used it to create a new country for freed slaves. This country was called Liberia. Its area is 111,370 square kilometers. The official name is Republic of Liberia. To find out about Liberia’s past you can visit the Malima Gorblah Village and Besao Village which preserve the country’s old culture. Liberia borders Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Côte d’Ivoire. The Atlantic Ocean lies to the southwest.
The country’s climate is warm and humid all year and rainy from May to October. Two rare animals are found in Liberia: the pygmy hippopotamus and the manatee. Liberian farmers grow rubber trees, coffee, and cocoa, rice, sugarcane, bananas, and yams.
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