Singapore is a small island nation in Southeast Asia and it is also the name of the country’s main island and of its capital city. The official name is the Republic of Singapore. Its area is 692.7 square kilometers and it consists of a main island and sixty-three islets just south of the tip of the Malay Peninsula in Southeast Asia. Singapore Island is shaped like a diamond. It is one of the most well-to-do Asian nations because it has been a busy world shipping port. A narrow body of water separates Singapore and Malaysia.
Singapore is sometimes known as the Lion City and its symbol is a merlion, fish with the head of a lion. A holiday dedicated to this mythical animal is celebrated every September.
Most people speak the Malay language, but Mandarin Chinese, Tamil (an Indian language), and English are also official languages.