If you believe the guidebooks, Jaipur, the capital of the Indian state of Rajasthan, began to be called Pink City in 1875. Before the visit of the Prince of Wales, son of the British Queen Victoria, the facades of the city buildings were painted pink. But the city’s buildings were primarily built from pink sandstone. The influence of Islamic art in the form of Moorish arches or lattice windows was reflected in the architectural appearance of the new capital, founded in 1727.
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, who was then governor (the city was named in his honor), hired Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, young talented architect from Bengal, to fulfill his dreams about perfect city. And this, perhaps, was the first city in India, built according to the plan, based on the Shilpa Shastras (the ancient Indian treatise on architecture) principles. According to it, the city was divided into rectangular sectors with parallel streets. In the central part of Jaipur, most of the palaces and monuments are located.