Colombia, in South America, is the only American nation named for Christopher Columbus. The official name of the country is Republic of Colombia. Colombia is a land of beaches, deserts, jungles, grasslands, and mountains. The Andes range runs the length of the country. Its area is 1,138,910 square kilometers. Colombia shares borders with Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, and Panama.
Colombia lies close to the equator and its climate is generally hot.
Colombia is home to many different kinds of plants and animals. There are more than 130,000 different plants, including a kind of water lily called Victoria amazonica. Its leaves are large and strong enough to support a child. There are more than 1,550 kinds of birds in Colombia.
The country’s most important river is the Magdalena. Pico Cristóbal Colón is the highest point (5,775 m). Amazon is the longest river (6,570 km).