Jordan is a small state with an ancient history. Its official name is the Hashimite Kingdom of Jordan. Amman is the capital of the country and its largest city. Jordan borders Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Israel, and the Palestinian territory of the West Bank. The Jordan River flows along Jordan’s western border to the Dead Sea. The Syrian Desert (Northern Arabian Desert) covers more than 80 percent of Jordan’s land. The country’s area is 92,300 square kilometers.
Most of Jordan’s people are Arabs and they practice Islam. There is also a small number of Christians. Arabic is the main language.