Singapore – Lion City
Singapore is a small island nation in Southeast Asia and it is also the name of the country’s main island and of its capital city. The official name is the Republic of Singapore. Its area is 692.7 square kilometers and it consists of a main island and sixty-three islets just south of the tip of the Malay Peninsula in Southeast Asia. Singapore Island is shaped like a diamond. It is one of the most well-to-do Asian nations because it has been a busy world shipping port. A narrow body of water separates Singapore and Malaysia.
Singapore is sometimes known as the Lion City and its symbol is a merlion, fish with the head of a lion. A holiday dedicated to this mythical animal is celebrated every September.
Most people speak the Malay language, but Mandarin Chinese, Tamil (an Indian language), and English are also official languages.
People often call Singapore city the Garden City because of its many parks, gardens, and tree-lined streets.
In early times traders traveling between India and China often passed through Singapore. The British took control in the 1800s. From 1941 to 1945 the country was occupied by Japan. By 1959 Singapore had its own government. In 1963 Singapore joined Malaysia. Two years later Singapore separated from Malaysia to become fully independent.
Singapore’s rivers are all short, including its main river, which has the same name as the island itself. It is important because it flows into the wide harbor on the southern island’s southeastern coast. The state is located between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea.
The national flower of Singapore is the Vanda Miss Joaquim orchid, which, due to its vitality and year-round flowering, has become a symbol of the country, as a sign of desire for progress.
Singapore ranks second in the world in population density, ranking between two dwarf states – Monaco and the Vatican.
For high fines and strict laws, Singapore is jokingly called Fine City.
The state has no natural resources and imports not only sand, but even fresh water from Malaysia.
Average life expectancy is 80 years.
The Mid-Autumn Festival – an ancient festival of family unity and thanksgiving is celebrated in Chinatown in September during the most full and bright moon – a symbol of abundance, harmony and prosperity.
They say that Singapore is built according to all the canons of Feng Shui – its landscape and architecture are consistent with this doctrine of the influence of energy flows on humans.
The Fountain of Wealth is the world’s largest fountain (28 m), which is even listed in the Guinness Book of Records. It is especially beautiful in the evening, with colorful lights.
Singapore Flyer is the tallest Ferris wheel in the world, its height is 165 meters (the height of the London Eye is 135 meters).