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Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Category Archive: Countries and cities

Alexandrian Column – miracle of engineering calculation

Alexandrian Column - miracle of engineering calculation

Alexandrian Column – miracle of engineering calculation


Alexandrian Column (Alexander Column) is on the main square of St. Petersburg.
In the late 20s of the XIX century, an open tender was announced. The French architect and engineer Auguste de Montferrand won it. Nicholas I insisted that the main part of the monument should be similar to the column of the emperor Trajan in Rome or the Vendome column in Paris, only higher and made from the monolith.
A granite rock, found in Finland, was used for the monolith. A prism, much larger than the size of the future column, was cut off from the rock. Huge stones for the foundation of the monument were cut down from the same rock. The largest weighed about 400 tons. They were taken to St. Petersburg by water, on a special barge.
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Portugal – wonderful European country

Portugal – wonderful European country

Portugal – wonderful European country


Portugal is a small country in southwestern Europe with the only neighbor, Spain. Spain and Portugal make up the Iberian Peninsula. The Atlantic Ocean lies to the west and south. The country’s area is 92,391 square kilometers. Its official name is Portuguese Republic.
Iberian peoples settled in what is now Portugal more than 7,000 years ago. Celtic peoples began to arrive about 3,000 years ago. Ancient Rome ruled the Iberian Peninsula from the 100s BC to the AD 400s. Germanic peoples controlled much of the land until Muslims invaded in 711. In 1179 the kingdom of Portugal was established and soon became one of Europe’s great powers. In the 1400s Portuguese sailors were the first Europeans to explore the world.
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Roraima – lost world

Roraima - lost world

Roraima – lost world


The entire south-eastern part of Venezuela, located in South America, is occupied by La Gran Sabana – the great savanna, which is crossed by the Caroni River, the right tributary of the Orinoco. There are many unusual plateaus with steep, inaccessible walls resembling huge tables. One of the greatest tables is Roraima. It is near Venezuela’s border with Brazil and for a long time it was inaccessible to people. Only daredevils from the Indian tribes from time to time made their way to the enchanted land, as they thought. They told about a wonderful plateau with cascades of waterfalls and magical rivers with red and black waters.
The first European researcher who visited this area in the middle of the XIX century was German Robert Hermann Schomburgk.
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Mysterious Atlantis – lost continent

Mysterious Atlantis - lost continent

Mysterious Atlantis – lost continent


The legend about Atlantis appeared more than 2,500 years ago. Atlantis was described as a continent-sized area with rich soil, plentiful pure water, abundant vegetation and animals, natural hot springs. Slaves performed manual labor, allowing a large elite to pursue knowledge, enjoy sporting events, and continually improve upon an already thriving society.
The idea of Atlantis was first expressed in the works of Plato, who stressed that a perfect world exists in Ideas.
In 1882, Ignatius Donnelly (1832-1901) published Atlantis: The Antediluvian World, arguing that all civilization is an inheritance from Atlantis.
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Moldova – land of sunshine, grapes and wine

Moldova – land of sunshine, grapes and wine

Moldova – land of sunshine, grapes and wine


Moldova is a country in south-central Europe. Its official name is Republic of Moldova. Its area is 33,843 square kilometers. The country borders Romania and Ukraine. Moldova is a landlocked nation and thus borders no oceans or seas.
On the map, Moldavia looks something like a bunch of grapes—highly appropriate for a country famed for its vineyards. It is a land of sunshine, grapes and wine.
From 700 B.C. until A.D. 200, the region that is now Moldova was under the control of the Scythians and later the Sarmatians. From about A.D. 200 until the thirteenth century the Goths, Huns, Avars, and the Mongols or Tatars ruled the area. In the mid-fourteenth century the people of Moldova united and formed an independent state – the principality of Moldavia.
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Amazing Belem Tower

Amazing Belem Tower

Amazing Belem Tower


This tower looks like a miniature castle. It was built in the era of the Portuguese King John II the Perfect Prince (1455-1495). The place for it was chosen on the bank of the Tagus River, which flows into the Atlantic Ocean. The bastion was not only a defensive structure which protected Lisbon from pirates and other uninvited guests, but also a lighthouse. The Portuguese navigators went on long journeys from there.
King Juan II planned to build multiple defensive structures on the bank of the Tagus River at the entrance to the port: two bastions on the right bank of the river and one on the left. Two of them were built during the life of the monarch, and construction of Belem had just begun.
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Norway – Land of Fjords and Mountains

Norway - Land of Fjords and Mountains

Norway – Land of Fjords and Mountains


Norway is a country in northern Europe, part of Scandinavia. It shares borders with Sweden, Finland, and Russia. The Arctic Ocean lies to the north, and the Atlantic Ocean is to the west. The North Sea lies to the south. Its area is 324,220 square kilometers. Its official name is Kingdom of Norway.
Norway is covered with mountains and fjords. The longest and deepest fjord is Sogne Fjord. The two highest peaks are Galdhø Peak and Mount Glitter. Glaciers can be found in some mountain ranges. The country also contains more than 1,500 glaciers and the Jostedals Glacier is the largest in Europe.
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