Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Category Archive: Countries and cities

Terracotta Army of Qin Shi Huang

Terracotta Army of Qin Shi Huang

Terracotta Army of Qin Shi Huang

In March 1974, the peasants who lived near the city of Xian, decided to dig a well. They worked tirelessly for 12 days in a row, five-meter deep pit was dug, but the water was never found. On the 13th day the shovel of a peasant stumbled on something hard. So the famous Terracotta Army was discovered…
Soon archaeological work began near Xian. The peasants found the first and apparently the main Terracotta Army battle unit which consisted of 6,000 figures. In 1980, scientists found the second unit – about 2,000 statues. In 1994, the General Staff was found underground – a collection of senior military commanders. A total more than 8,000 statues of soldiers and horses and 90 war chariots were discovered.
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Mont Saint Michel – island abbey

Mont Saint Michel – island abbey

Mont Saint Michel – island abbey

You can reach “sea” abbey by car only during low tide. The six-kilometer causeway was built in 1879. The Benedictine monks decided to build their sanctuary on an impregnable rock in 966. However, according to legend, the idea of the construction of the abbey belonged to Michael the Archangel.
The island is small – only 900 m and its sharp top rose above the sea level by nearly 90m. The island is surrounded by water.
In the VII century persecuted followers of the Christian religion settled in coastal caves. But they were afraid to build something on the amazing rock, because of high tides.
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Gugong – Forbidden City

Gugong - Forbidden City

Gugong – Forbidden City

Forbidden City (Gugong) is in the center of the capital of China – Beijing, north of the famous Tiananmen Square. According to prayer: “Heaven meets Earth, wind and rain come together and Ying and Yang live in harmony here”. This palace of the emperor is the world’s largest palace by number of rooms and is about 600 years old.
During the reign of the Ming and Qing one of the main religious rituals of emperors was praying. The emperor was considered sacred, born by Mother Earth and Father Heaven, so he alone was allowed to worship the god of the earth and the god of the sky.
The Yongle Emperor (personal name Zhu Di or Chu Ti), who ruled from 1403 to 1423, ordered to build a wonderful temple close to the center of Beijing. The construction began in 1406 and was completed 14 years later. Walls, fences, roofs were constructed by around a million workers. In 1420 the building was ready but it was forbidden to cross its borders for mere mortals. Only the emperor and his family, eunuchs, concubines, guards and servants could be there.
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Kenya – Cradle of Humanity

Kenya - Cradle of Humanity

Kenya – Cradle of Humanity

It’s believed that some of the very earliest humans lived in Kenya. That is why some people call it the “cradle of humanity.”
Kenya is an African country, a land of natural beauty. Kenya borders Tanzania, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, and Somalia. The country has a southeastern coastline along the Indian Ocean. Kenya’s area is 582,488 square kilometers. Its official name is Republic of Kenya.
Nairobi is the capital of the country and its largest city. It was named after a watering hole that was in the area before the city was built. The Masai people called the watering hole Enkare Nairobi, which means “cold water.”
Lake Victoria (the largest lake in Africa) makes up part of Kenya’s western borders.
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Uganda – Country of Lakes and Rivers

Uganda - Country of Lakes and Rivers

Uganda – Country of Lakes and Rivers

Uganda is a beautiful African country with many lakes and rivers. There are eight main rivers and six major lakes. Lake Victoria is the world’s second largest freshwater lake, after Lake Superior in North America. Uganda shares borders with Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Its area is 236,040 square kilometers. Its official name is Republic of Uganda.
Kampala is the capital city, which is built on seven hills. In the local language, Kampala means “the hill of antelopes.”
Uganda is home to many kinds of animals. There are hippopotamuses and crocodiles, zebras, giraffes, antelope and many others exotic animals. The country has several national parks to protect its animals. The Bwindi Impenetrable National Park contains nearly half the world’s population of mountain gorillas. Ruwenzori Mountains National Park covers the main part of the Ruwenzori mountain chain in the west. The park contains glaciers, waterfalls, and lakes and also serves as a habitat for many endangered species.
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Castle of the Holy Angel – Wonderful Castle

Castle of the Holy Angel

Castle of the Holy Angel

At the request of the Emperor Hadrian people began to build his tomb in 130. Emperor was fifty-four years old and it was time to think about the last resting place. He ordered to build a magnificent tomb for himself and his family.
The Roman, like the Greek, funerals had always been considered a sacred ritual. The Romans believed in the sad fate of unburied men. Therefore, many emperors had wonderful tombs. The imperial funeral processions were luxurious, with musicians, actors and mourners.
Hadrian was called the Restorer, because during the years of his reign a number of buildings were built in Rome. The most interesting of them are the temple of Venus and Circus Maximus. Hadrian decided to build a mausoleum and surround it with a wall. The building was supposed to reflect the greatness of the emperor. They decided to build it on the right bank of the Tiber. But Hadrian did not see his mausoleum completed. His tomb was fully completed only a year after his death. Since then Hadrian’s mausoleum became the burial place of the emperors.
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Ireland – The Emerald Isle

Ireland - The Emerald Isle

Ireland – The Emerald Isle

Ireland occupies five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the eastern part of the North Atlantic. Its area is 70,280 square kilometers. It lies at the westernmost edge of Europe, to the west of Great Britain. The smaller northern part of the island is called Northern Ireland and is part of the United Kingdom.
Ireland is bounded on the east by the Irish Sea, on the southeast by St. George’s Channel, on the south by the Celtic Sea, and on the north and west by the Atlantic Ocean.
The land is covered with grasslands and green mosses. Some people call Ireland the Emerald Isle because it is so beautifully green.
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