More people live in India than in any other country in the world except China. The people speak dozens of languages, including Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, and Tamil. The country is the birthplace of two major religions: Hinduism and Buddhism. Its official name is Republic of India.
Its area is 3,287,590 square kilometers. Much of India’s territory is a peninsula that extends into the Indian Ocean. India shares borders with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.
The high Himalayas rise in the north. The Indus River gave the country its name. The Ganges is sacred to followers of Hinduism. The Thar Desert is in the northwest.