Argentina lies at the southern end of South America and is the second largest country on the continent—only Brazil is larger. Its name is a Spanish word meaning Land of Silver. Argentina is bordered by Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil, and Uruguay. Its area is 2,766,890 square kilometers. Its official name is Argentine Republic.
Argentina has four major regions: the Andes, the North, the Pampas, and Patagonia. The mountains of the Andes rise in the northwest. The dry Gran Chaco lowlands lie in the north. In the south is the cold dry region of Patagonia. The Pampas grasslands cover the heart of the country. Tierra del Fuego is a group of islands off the southern tip of the continent. Argentina shares the islands with Chile.