Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Category Archive: Art

Matryoshka – Russian doll

Matryoshka – Russian doll

Matryoshka – Russian doll


The matryoshka is a set of four to eight hollow wooden dolls of graduated size nesting inside each other. It is the most familiar item of Russian folk art.
The rounded female figure was a familiar fertility symbol in pagan Russia. The most ubiquitous matryoshka is the pink-cheeked peasant woman in native sarafan, her head covered with the traditional scarf. However, there are a lot of variations. Nests of dolls with the faces of famous writers, members of artistic circles, military heroes, politicians or members of a family were created.
The first matryoshka – plump cheerful girl in scarf and Russian national dress – was born not in ancient times, as many believe.
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Ilya Muromets – Russian bogatyr

Ilya Muromets – Russian bogatyr

Ilya Muromets – Russian bogatyr


Ilya Muromets was a hero of the Russian epic tales, or byliny, a Russian bogatyr. Ilya’s surname is actually an epithet that simply means he came from the city of Murom, not far from Moscow. He was born in the village of Karacharovo and Muromets was used to identify him after he had left his hometown. Ilya was born a cripple and he was too weak to even move. At the age of 33 he was miraculously cured by a group of men, who gave him a drink made of honey. They told Ilya how he should spend his life.
Shortly after his cure, Ilya traveled to Kiev, to offer his services to Prince Vladimir Bright Sun and his wife Evpraksiya. He had his wonderful horse Sivushko, which galloped like the wind and cleared mountains in a single leap.
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Greece – Land of Islands

Greece - Land of Islands

Greece – Land of Islands


Greece is surrounded on three sides by seas: to the south is the Mediterranean Sea, to the west is the Ionian Sea, and to the east is the Aegean Sea. More than 2,000 islands in the Ionian and Aegean seas belong to Greece. The islands are divided into the Ionian Islands and the Aegean Islands. The Greek mainland shares borders with Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Turkey. Its area is 131,940 square kilometers. Its official name is Hellenic Republic.
In ancient times Greece was a center of science, philosophy, and art. In the late 300s Greece became part of the Byzantine Empire. In 1453 the Turkish Ottoman Empire conquered Greece. In 1821 the Greeks began a war of independence. Supported by Great Britain, France, and Russia, Greece declared its independence in 1829.
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Fern – mysterious plant

Fern – mysterious plant

Fern – mysterious plant


Once upon a time the ferns covered our entire planet. And they were huge trees! Ferns are flowerless green plants. Their featherlike leaves are called fronds. Young fern leaves are tightly curled. Ferns reproduce by dispersing spores instead of seeds. The spore cases, called sporangia are located in pockets on the margins of the leaves. There are about 12,000 different species of fern throughout the world. Some types first appeared on Earth more than 360 million years ago. Some species are free-floating aquatic plants, some species grow in moist woodlands, and a few species grow in arid or semiarid regions.
Ferns come in a wide variety of sizes and shapes.
Such animals as deer eat ferns, and some birds use them to line their nests.
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Firebird – fairy tale bird

Firebird – fairy tale bird

Firebird – fairy tale bird


Firebird is one of the most famous characters in Russian fairy tales. Its feathers are very bright and shiny. In the fairy tales men are looking for the Firebird and the one who will have at least one of the feathers will be happy. The firebird lives in the far end of the kingdom, in a beautiful garden, where golden apples grow. One of the Firebird’s feathers costs more than a whole kingdom, and the Firebird itself does not have a price at all.
In mythology, Firebird is often compared to medieval, very popular in the Russian and Western literature, Phoenix, which is able to rise from the ashes. The Firebird eats golden apples, giving youth, beauty and immortality; when it sings, pearls pour out of her beak. The singing heals the sick and restores sight to the blind people. These apples can be compared with the fruits of a pomegranate tree, the favorite delicacy of the Phoenix.
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Waterfall – performance staged by nature

Waterfall - performance staged by nature

Waterfall – performance staged by nature


Waterfalls are a unique phenomenon of nature. A waterfall is a place in a river where water spills suddenly downward. Waterfalls are known for their beauty and awesome power. Large waterfalls are called cataracts and drop straight down. Smaller or less steep waterfalls are called cascades and fall over a number of short rock walls.
Flowing river water wears away the soft rock before the hard rock. The hard rock that is left creates a steep wall. Waterfalls also form as a result of movements in Earth’s crust.
The Niagara Falls is one of the largest and the most grandiose in the world. However, Kaieteur Falls in Guyana, near the border with Venezuela, is the largest. Its height is 226 meters, which is five times higher than Niagara Falls. And there is the national park with the same name, where there are about 300 smaller waterfalls.
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Ural Mountains – Backbone of Russia

Ural Mountains - Backbone of Russia

Ural Mountains – Backbone of Russia

The Ural Mountains form a natural boundary between Europe and Asia, a boundary that links, rather than separates. Stretching from the icy Arctic Ocean in the north to the blast-furnace heat of semi-desert in the south, the Ural mountain range has traditionally been known as “the backbone of Russia”.
There are many legends about the Urals; one of the most famous concerns the Lady of Copper Mountain. She lives in the form of a small lizard with a diamond crown on her head – the queen and custodian of the underground Ural kingdom. Whenever she meets travelers who truly love the Urals, she changes into a charming woman and guides them around her realm, proudly revealing where the richest ores and semi-precious stones are hidden.
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