Shanghai, the second largest city in China, is removed from the capital of Beijing to the southeast. It is located in the Yangtze River Delta. The population is 16 million people, mostly Chinese. Shanghai does not look like Beijing at all – it’s a state-of-the-art metropolis, the shape of which is formed by skyscrapers made of concrete, steel and glass, annoying ads and trains on a magnetic pillow. The history of Shanghai has three interesting facts: the birth of the Communist Party of China, Soviet jazz under the leadership of Oleg Lundstrem and the Cultural Revolution. In 1921, in Shanghai, the founding congress of the Communist Party of China was held, in which Mao Zedong took part; from 1936 to 1947 in Shanghai, Oleg Lundstrem, who later moved to the USSR, directed the orchestra; and in 1966 the city announced the beginning of the Cultural Revolution.
But there are several important dates in the history of this city. In 1937, it was captured by the Japanese, and remained under their control until the defeat of Japan in 1945. In 1949, when the People’s Republic of China was announced, private shops and brothels were closed in free Shanghai.
The second date is 1990. The ruling Communist Party of China declared Shanghai the free-trade zone. Wealthy foreigners immediately appeared in the city, wealthy emigres began to return, business people from Hong Kong arrived. Market economy, price liberalization, duty-free trade – all this has activated construction in the city.
In 1993, in Shanghai the Yangpu Bridge was built across the Huangpu River. It is 602 m long and is the longest suspension bridge in China.
But not all Chinese people like the new capitalist order. Prostitutes, opium smokers, drug addicts returned to the city with world class hotels, shopping streets and foreign banks. The average salary of small employees is low – $ 130, and on the outskirts, where there are still slums, even less.
But the process of development of a metropolis cannot be stopped. The high-rise construction of Shanghai is actively continuing. At the beginning of the 20th century it was a fishing village which turned into a powerful commercial world center.
– Shanghai has several other names such as Eastern Paris, Pearl of the East, Queen of the East.
– The Shanghai Tower is the tallest building in China (632 meters). In the world, it takes the 3rd place.
– During the Second World War, Shanghai was a refuge for Europeans.
– There are more skyscrapers in Shanghai than in Hong Kong.
– The Shanghai trolleybus system is the oldest in the world.
– The world’s first maglev line was built in Shanghai in 2004. The record speed of the train is 430 km / h.
– The monument to Pushkin appeared in Shanghai on the initiative of the Russian community on the 100th anniversary of the poet’s birth, and this is the only monument in Shanghai to a stranger which survived the “cultural revolution”.