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Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Automobiles History

Automobiles History

Automobiles History


The first true automobile was a machine that had three wheels and was powered by steam. It was built by Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot in 1769. It was heavy and moved very slowly. A disadvantage of steam was that water had to be brought to a boil before the car could go. During the late 1890s and early 1900s manufacturers produced cars run by electric motors. Electric cars did not run well at high speeds and had to have their batteries recharged every 80 kilometers.
In 1860 Etienne Lenoir developed a gasoline-powered internal-combustion engine and 16 years later the German Nikolaus Otto built an improved gasoline engine. In 1893 the brothers Charles E. and J. Frank Duryea built the first successful gasoline-powered car in the United States.

Henry Ford was the person who built the first affordable car. As a boy, he loved to play with watches, clocks, and machines. Cars had already been built in Europe when Ford experimented with his first vehicle in 1899. It had wheels like a bicycle’s and a gasoline-powered engine. It was called a Quadricycle and had only two speeds and no reverse. Within four years Ford had started the Ford Motor Company and his ideas about making automobiles changed history. In 1908 Ford introduced the Model T. This car worked well and was not costly. It was a big success. By 1918 half of all cars in the United States were Model Ts.
After World War II (1939-45) automakers began using power steering, power brakes, and automatic controls for windows and seats. Air conditioning also became available.
Automobiles cause air pollution. By the 21st century some automakers had created vehicles that combined gasoline and electric power.
The first license plates were given to horse-drawn carriages. Car numbers appeared in 1899 in Germany (Munich). Letters on the license plates appeared due to the desire of the German businessman to make a gift to his beloved. He was allowed to put the initials of the spouse before the numbers.
The smallest model of the car was released in 2011 in Great Britain. It is listed in the Guinness Book of Records. Pell P50 is 104cm wide, 137cm long and weighs 59kg. This single-seat car’s speed is 80 km / h.
The longest car is a limousine with the length of 30 meters. The car has 26 wheels and two control cabins at both ends. There is a swimming pool and a bed inside it, and a helicopter platform on the top.
There are a lot of expensive cars, but the most expensive is Ferrari 250 GTO, 1963. Only 36 such cars were produced.
The sound of the Aston Martin Vantage exhaust is audible at a distance of 6,000 meters.
The Swedish company SAAB was founded in 1937, but initially it produced only military aircraft. After the Second World War, the company decided to enter a new market and establish production of cars. The first prototype, called Ursaab, was developed by a group of 16 engineers.

Automobiles History

Automobiles in art

Monuments to cars