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Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Kookaburra – Laughing Hans

Kookaburra - Laughing Hans

Kookaburra – Laughing Hans


In those distant times when the alarm clocks were in huge deficit, the workers woke up in the morning with the buzz of their factories, the peasants – with the roosters crowing. But the Australian aborigines understood that a new day had come thanks to kookaburra laughter.
Actually, kookaburra is a bird from the family of kingfishers. It lives exclusively in Australia and New Guinea, and does not make long flights.
It sleeps at night and gets food as much as it can. These birds eat lizards, insects, snakes and all sorts of rodents. When there is not enough food it can steal chicks.
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Muskrats – The Town Builders

Muskrats - The Town Builders

Muskrats – The Town Builders


Muskrats are rodents that look like a cross between a rat and a beaver. They live in water. The animal has two musk glands under its tail. It produces a strong odor that smells like musk. Muskrats were originally found only in North America. People took them to Europe and Asia in the early 1900s. The scientific name of the muskrat is Ondatra zibethicus.
Muskrats build their houses in water, using mud, cattails, and other plants. These structures are typically more than one meter high and several meters broad. Muskrats dig narrow channels through the surrounding plant growth.
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Ghana – Gold Coast of Africa

Ghana - Gold Coast of Africa

Ghana – Gold Coast of Africa


Ghana was once called the Gold Coast of Africa because of much gold in it. It still has the largest gold reserves in the world. Ghana is bordered by Côte d’Ivoire on the west, Burkina Faso on the northwest and north, and Togo on the east. Its official name is Republic of Ghana. Its area is 238,500 square kilometers.
Many people work in fishing, farming, logging, or gold mining. Cacao, timber, and gold are sold to other countries. Ghana also mines diamonds, manganese, and bauxite, which is used to make aluminum.
English is the official language. More than half of the people are Christian.
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Ginkgo biloba – unusual tree

Ginkgo biloba – unusual tree

Ginkgo biloba – unusual tree


Ginkgo biloba is the last surviving species of Ginkgophyta. These long-lived plants evolved during the Permian period 250 million years ago. Ginkgo trees are called living fossils, because they strong resemble ancient remains preserved in the geologic record.
The popularity of ornamental ginkgo trees in Asia has led to their widespread cultivation.
Ginkgos can live for hundreds of years. Their height may be up to 30 meters and a trunk diameter up to 2 meters.
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Cell – basis of organisms

Cell – basis of organisms

Cell – basis of organisms


Every living thing is made up of cells. The cell is the smallest unit with the basic properties of life. Bacteria and yeast consist of only one cell. Plants and animals have many billions of cells. Human beings are made up of more than 75 trillion cells. Only viruses – pathogens of some infectious diseases (for example, influenza, measles, smallpox) – are not cells and do not consist of cells. But they can multiply only in a living cell.
The cell was first discovered by the English physicist Robert Hooke in 1665. He designed microscopes, which gave 140 times increase. Once, examining the thin sections of the cork, he saw that the whole cork consisted of pores. These were the cells.
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Andes – World-Class Mountains

Andes - World-Class Mountains

Andes – World-Class Mountains


The Andes are the tallest mountains in the Western Hemisphere. Mount Aconcagua in Argentina is the highest peak – 22,831 feet high. The mountains run 8,900 kilometers and are the longest mountain chain in the world. They separate a narrow strip of land along the west coast of South America from the rest of the continent. The Cordillera Oriental is the eastern mountain range, and the Cordillera Occidental is the western range.
The best-known people ever to live in the Andes were the Inca. Machu Picchu, remains of the magnificent Inca city, can still be seen in the mountains of Peru. The Europeans arrived in the mountains in the 1500s.
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Wolverine – skunk bear

Wolverine - skunk bear

Wolverine – skunk bear


The wolverine is a mammal of the weasel family. It can give off an unpleasant smell like its relative the skunk. The scientific name of the animal is Gulo gulo. The wolverines live mostly in the northern parts of North America, Europe, and Asia. It is very strong animal with big appetite.
The wolverine looks like a small bear. It ranges from about 66 to 91 centimeters in length and has a long, bushy tail. Its weight is from 9 to 30 kilograms. It has a thick neck and big claws. This nocturnal animal lives alone. It can travel up to 60 kilometers a day looking for food.
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Crystal Palace – amazing construction

Crystal Palace – amazing construction

Crystal Palace – amazing construction

The most magnificent building of the XIX century was built in London’s Hyde Park on an area of 7.7 hectares for the first World Exhibition in 1851. It was made of glass and iron. The admired inhabitants of London called it the Crystal Palace. The length of the palace was 563 m, width – 125 m, height – about 40 m. It was built in a record short time – 7 months.
The idea of organizing the first World Exhibition for the purpose of unifying humanity belonged to Queen Victoria’s husband, the ambitious Prince Albert, President of the Royal Society of Arts. According to Prince Albert, such exhibitions in the future should demonstrate the achievements of each country and promote rapprochement and understanding of peoples.
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Oak – great tree

Oak – great tree

Oak – great tree

Oaks are trees and shrubs of the beech family. There are about 450 species of oak. They are common in places with mild weather. Oak trees can grow to 45 meters high. Their leaves can have rounded, rough, or smooth edges. The fruit of an oak tree is the acorn – a round nut in a woody cup. The buds are usually in clusters, often with several about the same size, resulting in the numbers of large irregular branches that give most oaks their characteristic rugged crowns. The male flowers develop in the form of drooping catkins, with fewer females, on short stalks, erect above the males.
The roots are quite extensive, reaching out at least three times the height of the tree and down as deep as 4.6-12.2 m.
There are both evergreen (they have no synchronous leaf loss) and deciduous species.
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Pakistan – Land of the Indus Civilization

Pakistan - Land of the Indus Civilization

Pakistan – Land of the Indus Civilization


Pakistan is a Muslim country in southern Asia. Its area is 803,940 square kilometers. Its official name is Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Pakistan shares borders with Iran, Afghanistan, China, and India.
For many years Pakistan and India were a single country known as British India. In 1947 it became an independent country. There were East Pakistan and West Pakistan. In 1971, East Pakistan became a separate country called Bangladesh. Pakistan was the site of the ancient Indus civilization, which lasted until 1700 BC. It is also home to many historic mosques, tombs, and shrines.
The mountains of the Karakoram Range and the Himalayas are in the north.
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