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Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Automobiles History

Automobiles History

Automobiles History


The first true automobile was a machine that had three wheels and was powered by steam. It was built by Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot in 1769. It was heavy and moved very slowly. A disadvantage of steam was that water had to be brought to a boil before the car could go. During the late 1890s and early 1900s manufacturers produced cars run by electric motors. Electric cars did not run well at high speeds and had to have their batteries recharged every 80 kilometers.
In 1860 Etienne Lenoir developed a gasoline-powered internal-combustion engine and 16 years later the German Nikolaus Otto built an improved gasoline engine. In 1893 the brothers Charles E. and J. Frank Duryea built the first successful gasoline-powered car in the United States.
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Wonderful aloe

Wonderful aloe

Wonderful aloe


An aloe is a plant that has thick, fleshy, water–storing leaves. It is native chiefly to dry warm areas of southern Africa. It lives, grows, flowers, and produces seeds for three or more consecutive years.
Historians believe that aloe is one of the most ancient plants used by mankind for medicinal purposes. The ancient Chinese and Egyptians knew it as a means to treat burns, wounds, reduce fever. If you believe the legend, Alexander of Macedon captured the island of Socotra, only for the sake of the aloe, which his wounded warriors needed. It is said that Cleopatra used the juice of this plant daily to care for the skin. And in 1944, the Japanese used a gel made from it for treatment and faster healing of wounds.
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Amazing Abu Simbel Temple

Amazing Abu Simbel temple

Amazing Abu Simbel temple


In the Nubian Desert, which is between the Nile River and the Red Sea, 320 km from the famous Aswan Dam, there is an unusual structure – the majestic Abu Simbel Temple, carved from the mountain ridge, dedicated to the gods Amon-Ra, Harmakhis and Ptah and the deified pharaoh Ramses II. The temple has an amazing history.
In 1813, the Swiss traveler and geographer Johann Burckhardt saw a strange sand-strewn stone boulder on the bank of the Nile. There were four giant sitting figures, which were supposed to depict the gods with the appearance of Pharaoh Ramses II the Great. At the bottom, a narrow stone entrance to the sanctuary was dug out. Soon they found a 65-meter-long passage, the steps of which were decorated with bas-reliefs. In some places there were bright paintings that glorified the military approaches of Ramses II. Thus, the majestic Abu Simbel temple was discovered.
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Scarab – sacred symbol of Ancient Egypt

Scarab - sacred symbol of Ancient Egypt

Scarab – sacred symbol of Ancient Egypt


Scarab beetle was worshiped as a sacred creature by Assyrians and Phoenicians, Greeks and Jews, but most of all ancient Egyptians. Today this insect, depicted on papyrus and T-shirts or carved from precious stones, is one of the most popular souvenirs from the homeland of the pharaohs.
Scarab is a coprophagus insect which eats feces of other fauna. World fame and honor went to the scarab thanks to a unique tendency to roll dung balls with hind legs. You can say that this beetle is a football player, only walks on “hands” and moves always backwards.
The amazing insect was considered a living embodiment of the god Khepri – one of the main Egyptian gods, who created the world and ensures the constant renewal of all things.
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Executioner – special profession

Executioner - special profession

Executioner – special profession


This profession is difficult to classify as popular, but it is one of the oldest. The executioners have been in demand since time immemorial, they are still working today. Alas, this terrible profession is always necessary, because someone has to carry out death sentences.
The executioner could not be classified as ordinary citizens. He was an important and respected person. Even noble townspeople bowed before the executioner. Someone sought his friendship, but in vain – the executioner was impregnable, his destiny was solitude.
As a rule, this profession was inherited. In many countries there were working dynasties and some representatives of these dynasties managed to achieve wealth and glory.
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Spoon – useful thing

Spoon – useful thing

Spoon – useful thing


Once a person had liquid food, he had no choice but to invent a spoon. The ancient Egyptians had spoons made of wood, stone and ivory. In ancient Rome, they used spoons made of bronze and silver. In the Middle Ages, rich people ate with silver spoons, while the rest of the spoons were made of tin and wood. In the countries of Northern and Eastern Europe, which were rich in forests, spoons were carved out of wood.
In Russia spoons appeared at least two thousand years ago. In ancient Novgorod there were various wooden spoons decorated with paintings and carvings. Silver spoons in Russia were made by forging. For a simple Russian peasant, the spoon was one of the few personal things. Therefore, it was protected and marked.
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Lethargy – imaginary death

Lethargy - imaginary death

Lethargy – imaginary death


A lethargic dream, or lethargy, is known from ancient times. This strange dream, like death, attacks a person for no apparent reason and can last weeks, months and years. The scientists cannot explain the cause of lethargy. Often it is preceded by nervous stress or severe fatigue.
Some people who have been in this strange state said that during the dream they heard surrounding sounds, smelled, felt touching. Others claimed that they fell into other worlds, met with deceased relatives, lived some strange, alien lives. Most of the sleeping people do not hear and do not feel absolutely anything.
Scientists have revealed a deceleration of all life processes in the lethargy. As a result, people practically do not age during the lethargic sleep. But after awakening, they quickly return to their true age.
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Fortress of Krak des Chevaliers

Fortress of Krak des Chevaliers

Fortress of Krak des Chevaliers


Crusades to Palestine in XI-XII centuries forced knights to build defenses on their way. The fortress of Krak des Chevaliers in today’s Syria is one of the most notable in architectural terms. Historians and archaeologists consider it to be the most outstanding military construction of the Middle Ages. In 2006, the fortress was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List of Humanity.
Pope Urban II, a Frenchman by birth, blessing the Knights in 1095 for the first Crusade, proclaimed from the steps of the cathedral, that all fighters with unbelievers would be forgiven any sins. They had to win the Tomb of Christ in Jerusalem, purify the Holy Land. Fame and wealth were ahead of them. And after death, they were ready to go to heaven. Jesus himself would be the leader in the struggle. The answer of the crown was the wild cries of ecstasy. The holy psalms began to sound and the army of many thousands people moved on a campaign to the east, to Constantinople and then Jerusalem. The procession was headed by representatives of the pope, princes, aristocrats. They were waiting for an amazing adventure, glory and wealth.
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Cats and superstitions

Cats and superstitions

Cats and superstitions


All cats are excellent hunters. They have acute senses and sharp teeth and claws. Even most domestic cats could survive in the wild by catching mice, small birds, insects, and other creatures. The mirrorlike layer inside the eye reflects the light at the back of the eye. This is why a cat’s eyes shine in the dark.
Kittens spend hours chasing their tails, springing on each other, and having mock fights. Their play helps them develop hunting skills, quick reactions.
Cats were probably first domesticated in ancient Egypt about 5,000 years ago. Ancient Egyptians kept domestic cats to guard grain stores. Cats became so celebrated that some were worshiped as gods, and statues were made. The Egyptians mummified large numbers of them and placed them in tombs so they could continue to serve their owners in their afterlife.
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Interesting about Teeth

Interesting about teeth

Interesting about teeth


We use our teeth every time we eat. Teeth enable us to break up food into small pieces so that our bodies can digest it. A tooth has three main parts – the crown, which shows above the gum; the neck, which shows at gum level; and the root, which is hidden in the jawbone. A tooth has three layers – creamy white enamel, dentine beneath and the pulp cavity in the center. The pulp contains many nerves. Chisel-like incisors at the front of the mouth cut and slice food; canines tear and rip food; and premolars and molars crush and grind it. We have two sets of teeth. Children have 20 milk teeth that gradually fall out and are replaced by permanent adult teeth. Adults have 32 teeth in total. Wisdom teeth grow when a person is about 20.
We should take care of our teeth, brush them twice a day.
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