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Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Poland – Country in the Heart of Europe

Poland - Country in the Heart of Europe

Poland – Country in the Heart of Europe

The Republic of Poland is a country in eastern Europe. Its area is 312,685 square kilometers. It borders Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, and Russia. The Baltic Sea lies to the north.
Most of Poland’s people are Poles. They speak Polish. Small numbers of Ukrainians, Germans, and Belarusians also live in the country. The main religion is Roman Catholicism.
Warsaw is the capital and it is also the largest city. Other important cities include Lodz, Gdansk, and Krakow.
The written history of Poland begins in the AD 900s. The Piast dynasty ruled Poland until the 1300s. In 1386 Poland’s Queen Jadwiga married Wladyslaw II Jagiello, the grand duke of Lithuania. So, the two countries were united.
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Goat – Surefooted Mountain Climber

Goat - Surefooted Mountain Climber

Goat – Surefooted Mountain Climber


Goats are horned mammals closely related to sheep. People raise goats for their milk, hair, and meat. In many countries, people make butter, cheese and even ice cream from goat’s milk. In Spain, goats are the main source of milk.
A domestic goat usually weighs about 45 to 54 kilograms. Both male and female goats may have horns. Most males also grow beards.
Goats eat grass and shrubs.
Wild goats are animals of the mountains. Most wild goats live in herds of 5 to 20 animals. There are several types of wild goats – the ibex, the markhor, the tahr, and the goral.
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Sloth – slow-moving mammal

Sloth - slow-moving mammal

Sloth – slow-moving mammal


Sloths are slow-moving mammals that spend most of their lives in trees. They live in the tropical forests of Central and South America. They belong to order Edentata, which means “without teeth.” However, they have molars, chewing teeth, that have no roots and continue to grow throughout their lives. They are related to armadillos and anteaters.
Sloths can grow up to 69 centimeters long and weigh only about 4 kg. Sloths have flat faces on round heads, with round eyes, a round snout, and round nostrils. The fur is usually grayish brown or tan. They often have a greenish tint because of algae on their fur. This helps sloths to blend in with tree leaves. Their toes have long, curved claws, which the animal uses to grasp branches.
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Puma – beautiful wild cat

Puma – beautiful wild cat

Puma – beautiful wild cat


The puma is a large cat of North and South America. It is also commonly called a mountain lion, cougar, or panther. Probably puma is the only animal on the planet which has so many names. Puma is even in the Guinness Book of Records as an animal with a large number of names. Its scientific name is Puma concolor.
Pumas can be up to 1.8 meters long, without the tail. They stand about 0.6 to 0.9 meter tall at the shoulder and weigh about 36 to 100 kilograms. They may be yellowish tan, reddish brown, bluish gray, or some other color.
They are great jumpers and can jump to heights of more than 5.5 meters.
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Tanzania – Land of Natural Wonders

Tanzania - Land of Natural Wonders

Tanzania – Land of Natural Wonders


Tanzania shares borders with Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, Malawi, and Mozambique. Its area is 945,087 square kilometers. The official name is the United Republic of Tanzania.
Tanzania is known for its stunning natural features. It has the tallest African peak, Mount Kilimanjaro, and the world’s largest volcano crater, Ngorongoro Crater. Along Tanzania’s borders are three large lakes: Lake Nyasa, Lake Tanganyika, and Lake Victoria. Lake Victoria is the world’s second largest freshwater lake, after Lake Superior in North America.
There are several national parks to protect the country’s animals. The Serengeti National Park is the most famous. The name Serengeti comes from a Masai word that means “endless plains”.
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Peanut – when nut not nut

Peanut – when nut not nut

Peanut – when nut not nut

Peanuts look and taste like nuts, have shells and skins. But they’re not nuts. Nuts grow mostly on trees or bushes. But peanuts grow underground and in some places they are called “groundnuts”. The scientific name is Arachis hypogaea. It belongs to the pea family, which also includes peas, beans, and clovers.
The peanut pod is a spongy shell covered with tiny dimples. Inside the shell you will usually find two peanuts.
Peanuts grow in warm sandy places. The peanut plant is a low bush. Small yellow flowers grow on the lower part of the plant. The cycle of growing peanuts from the moment of planting to harvesting takes 5 months.
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Jackal – golden wolf

Jackal - golden wolf

Jackal – golden wolf


Jackals are wolflike animals that are related to dogs. There are three species of jackal. The golden jackal is found from eastern Europe and North Africa to southern Asia. The black-backed jackal and the side-striped jackal are found in southern and eastern Africa. Jackals live in grasslands.
An adult jackal is about one meter long, including the tail. It weighs about 7—11 kilogram.
Jackals live alone, in pairs, or in groups called packs. Living in packs of 10-30 individuals, they have a good social organization. Like other members of the canine family, the muscular legs of jackals are perfectly adapted for fast running. Life in the packs helps them, as they can hunt larger animals, such as gazelles, and protect each other during attacks.
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Interesting Dresdner Zwinger

Interesting Dresdner Zwinger

Interesting Dresdner Zwinger


The Saxon Elector Augustus the Strong was a great lover of court entertainments, he tried to imitate the French emperor Louis XIV and ordered to build palace ensemble Zwinger for mass festivities. The word “Zwinger” does not have an exact translation, in ancient times it meant the space between the inner and outer walls of the fortress.
Construction began from the central square of Dresden, next to the Elbe River. The walls were erected near the royal castle. So, Augustus could monitor the progress of building from his windows.
At first the walls were wooden, on the four sides they were joined by tribunes. And formed an elongated platform very convenient for the knights’ tournaments. Riders, chained in armor, fought with each other. The audience was delighted.
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Altai – land of people and gods

Altai - land of people and gods

Altai – land of people and gods


The great philosopher and painter Nicholas Roerich called Altai the cradle of peoples, the center from which mankind once settled our planet. It is rare to find such a variety of natural phenomena and such an abundance of contrasts, as here. The ancient cultural monuments are preserved in its original form here. This is a land that keeps many mysteries that are still waiting for their researchers.
In the Ulagansky district there are five large mounds which resemble the graves of tribal leaders of the Scythian period (V-IV century BC).
From 1929 to 1949, several archaeological expeditions carried out their excavations. Unique items were found in the burial chambers: the world’s oldest knotted-pile carpet, lushly decorated saddles, a four horse chariot and much more. Interestingly, at that time the Assyrians, Persians, Greeks and other peoples with a developed culture did not yet have saddles.
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Sheep – Follow the Leader

Sheep - Follow the Leader

Sheep – Follow the Leader


Sheep are among the most valuable of all domestic animals. They are closely related to goats. There are more than 200 breeds of sheep. They are found on every continent except Antarctica.
Male sheep is called ram and baby sheep is lamb. Female sheep are called ewes. Sheep like to follow a leader. They live together in groups called flocks. Adult sheep weigh 35 to 180 kilograms. Some sheep have horns. The horns of the bighorn sheep can be more than 1 meter in length.
Sheep eat grass and plants. The shepherds take care of the sheep, sometimes with the help of well-trained and specially raised sheepdogs.
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