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Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Parrot – brightly colored bird

Parrot – brightly colored bird

Parrot – brightly colored bird


Most of the birds of the parrot family are known for their colorful feathers, noisy calls, and curved beaks. They are among the world’s most popular pet birds.
The tiniest parrot is the pygmy parrot, which is only 8 centimeters long. The largest member of the family is a type of macaw that can be as much as 100 centimeters long.
Their unusual feet help them climb trees and grasp their food. Parrots eat mainly seeds, nuts, and fruits.
Parrots are found in most tropical regions of the world, especially in rainforests. These birds can live for 30 to 50 years.
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Jordan – country with ancient history

Jordan – country with ancient history

Jordan – country with ancient history


Jordan is a small state with an ancient history. Its official name is the Hashimite Kingdom of Jordan. Amman is the capital of the country and its largest city. Jordan borders Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Israel, and the Palestinian territory of the West Bank. The Jordan River flows along Jordan’s western border to the Dead Sea. The Syrian Desert (Northern Arabian Desert) covers more than 80 percent of Jordan’s land. The country’s area is 92,300 square kilometers.
Most of Jordan’s people are Arabs and they practice Islam. There is also a small number of Christians. Arabic is the main language.
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Grape – Fruit of the Vine

Grape - Fruit of the Vine

Grape – Fruit of the Vine


The grape plant is a woody vine, which may reach a length of 17 meters or more. Grapes come in many colors – green, yellow, red, purple, or black. Leaves are large and rounded with tooth-shaped edges. Flowers are small and green and appear in clusters. There are about 60 different grape plants, as well as thousands of varieties.
Some grapes are eaten fresh while others are dried out to make raisins. But most are squeezed for their juice.
Grapes refers to the most ancient cultivated plants. Numerous archaeological finds indicate that grape growing and winemaking were known 7,000-5,000 years ago in the states of the ancient East – Egypt, Assyria, Babylon.
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Bacteria – tiny living things

Bacteria – tiny living things

Bacteria – tiny living things


Bacteria are small unicellular living things, that can be found everywhere. Most bacteria can be seen only with a microscope. Only viruses are smaller. There are many species of bacteria, some of them can live in extreme environments.
Bacteria take in food and send out waste through their cell walls. Most bacteria reproduce by dividing down the middle to form two separate cells. Billions of bacteria may form from a single bacterium in only 24 hours.
For breathing most bacteria need air and are called aerobic. But there are bacteria that live without air, anaerobic, and the oxygen in the air is poison for them. They feed on organic substances.
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Italy – Tourist’s Delight

Italy - Tourist’s Delight

Italy – Tourist’s Delight


Italy shares borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia. Its area is 301,230 square kilometers. The official name is Italian Republic.
Nearly all the people in Italy are ethnic Italians. Almost everyone speaks Italian. Most Italians are Roman Catholics. Italy has a rich history and many interesting places to visit.
Rome is the capital of the country and one of the world’s oldest cities. People call Rome the Eternal City. Ancient Rome was surrounded by the Aurelian Wall, which was built about AD 270. Much of the wall still survives.
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Glacier – ice mountain

Glacier – ice mountain

Glacier – ice mountain


Glaciers are flowing masses of ice, created by years of snowfall and cold local temperatures. Thousands of years ago, large parts of the world were covered with glaciers. Today glaciers exist all over the world. Greenland and Antarctica are covered by thick sheets of glacier ice. There are smaller glaciers in the Rocky Mountains of North America, in the European Alps, in the Andes of South America, and even at mountainous points along the equator.
Glacier ice today stores about three fourths of all the freshwater in the world.
Continental glaciers begin with a decrease in temperature and an accumulation of snow, over tens of thousands of years.
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Avocado – interesting fruit

Avocado – interesting fruit

Avocado – interesting fruit


Many people think that avocados are vegetables, but they are fruits. An avocado is a berry with one large seed in the center. There are more than 1,000 varieties of avocado. The name “avocado” was given to this fruit by the Spaniards, the first Europeans to try it.
Avocado trees grow wild in Mexico and in Central and South America. Today farmers grow avocados in many places with mild winters and plenty of sun.
Avocado trees can grow up to about 20 meters tall. Its broad leaves stay green all year. The fruits vary widely in size and are round or pear shaped.
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Armenia – ancient Christian country

Armenia - ancient Christian country

Armenia – ancient Christian country


The Republic of Armenia is one of the world’s oldest centers of civilization. Armenia is located in western Asia, between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. It is bordered by Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran, and Turkey. Armenia is a mountainous country. Mount Aragats (4,090 meters) is the highest peak. The country’s area is 29,800 square kilometers.
“Armenians call their country Ayastan—land of the Armenians. There is another name: Karastan—land of rock. More than 20 mountain ranges, with 900 peaks, cross this land. Roughly two-thirds of present-day Armenia is occupied by mountains, solid rock. And the remaining soil in the course of centuries has been trampled into rock by the hooves of conquerors’ horses.” So writes Gevorg Emin, a contemporary Armenian poet.
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Fractal – beautiful geometry

Fractal – beautiful geometry

Fractal – beautiful geometry


What unites the flow of rivers and the human blood system, the structure of the tree and the latest achievements in technology, the creativity of artists and the strict mathematical sciences, the shell of the mollusk and the coat of arms of Russia, the surface of the moon and the economy, Hollywood blockbusters and the inconceivable complexity of the structure of the universe? And is it possible to find something in common? Definitely yes! Fractals are the basis for building our so diverse world. They are everywhere.
A fractal is a geometric figure, often characterized as being self-similar. Benoit Mandelbrot coined the term fractal to describe such figures. “Fractus” in Latin means broken, fragmented, or irregular.
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Lithuania – Baltic state

Lithuania – Baltic state

Lithuania – Baltic state


Lithuania is situated on the eastern Baltic coast. It borders Latvia, the Kaliningrad region of the Russian Federation, Poland and Belarus. Its official name is Republic of Lithuania and its area is 65,200 square kilometers. Lithuania is administratively divided into forty-four regions and eleven municipalities.
Vilnius is the capital of the country.
The landscape varies between lowland plains and hilly uplands.
Lithuania has historically been the least developed of the Baltic republics, with a smaller industrial base and greater dependence on agriculture. Sugar beet, cereals, potatoes and vegetables are the main crops.
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