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Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Shield – military armor

Shield - military armor

Shield – military armor


Shield is an old military armor. Soldiers used it to protect themselves from weapons. Most of the shields were usually made of wood, rods and leather, bound with bronze, iron. The form of the shields could be round, oval, rectangular, triangular, often with a curved plane.
During excavation of Scythian burials, the remains of shields with a metal coating were found. Shields decorated with precious metals and gems were considered very expensive gifts, they were presented to the most notable soldiers.
Round shields were a universal category of shields. The shield was bulging and the weapon slipped from it. Later, people used almond-shaped shields covering almost the entire body from the chin to the knees. Then triangular, trapezoidal, rectangular shields appeared.
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Fly – annoying insect

Fly - annoying insect

Fly – annoying insect


Flies belong to a group that also includes mosquitoes, gnats, and midges. There are about 100,000 species of fly. They live in almost every corner of the globe – in soils, plants, and around water bodies. Many flies are free-living, feeding off a wide range of plants, while others are parasites and scavengers. A number are of economic importance in controlling pest species, while others serve as vectors for a range of human, animal, and plant diseases.
Flies have a single pair of functional wings and a pair of knoblike vestigial wings known as halteres. Its head is free-moving and attached by a slender neck to the thorax. The fly has two large compound eyes. It has three pairs of legs, each ending in a pair of claws. Crane flies are exceptional in having extremely long legs.
Many species are a dull dung color. Hover flies are among the most colorful species, many of which are colored in similar patterns to bees and wasps.
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Lebanon – small Middle Eastern country

Lebanon - small Middle Eastern country

Lebanon – small Middle Eastern country


Lebanon is a small Middle Eastern country on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The official name of the country is Lebanese Republic. It is mostly mountainous. The major mountain range, called the Lebanon Mountains, extends about 161 km northeast to southwest. Qurnat as-Sawda is the highest point (3,088 m). Mt. Hermon, which rises to 2,813 m, is the country’s second-highest peak. The area of the country is 10,400 square kilometers. It borders Israel and Syria. Lebanon has few year-round rivers. Its most important, and longest, river is the Al-Ljtanj (145 km).
Lebanon has a subtropical, temperate Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and cool, humid winters.
Lebanon’s mineral resources include salt, limestone, silica, and gypsum. The mountains are a good source of iron ore. Major crops include potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, citrus fruits, onions, grapes, apples, and olives. Goats and sheep are the main livestock.
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Earwig – interesting insect

Earwig – interesting insect

Earwig – interesting insect


Earwig is a long-bodied insect with chewing mouthparts and many-jointed antennae. They hatch into nymphs which closely resemble the adults. The most distinguishing characteristic of earwigs is the pair of unjointed, forceps-like structures that terminate their abdomen. The pincers are useful in defense.
Earwigs are nocturnal animals, and they hide during the day in dark, damp places. There are about 900 classified species of earwigs in the world.
Earwigs received their common name from the folk belief that these insects would sometimes crawl into the ears of people as they slept.
Earwigs live on all continents of our planet, except frosty Antarctica. They eat different plants, other insects, and sometimes honey. In rural areas of England, earwig is called battle-twigs. Almost all earwigs have wings, and they can fly, but they do it very seldom. Several species of earwigs are wingless and blind.
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Wonderful Earth

Wonderful Earth

Wonderful Earth


People are constantly interested in everything mysterious. That is why they explore the amazing planet Earth. It seems that mankind knows almost everything about the planet, but there are still many topical issues that need answers. In the distant future, mankind will unravel the riddle of the Universe and the origin of the Earth. Here are interesting facts about our wonderful planet.
Large liquid-water oceans cover the majority of the planet’s surface, such that the total amount of dry land is about equal to the surface area of Mars.
Like Mercury, Venus, and Mars, Earth has no ring system, but it has a large satellite, the Moon.
The length of the day is equal to 24 hours or 1440 minutes or 86,400 seconds.
Earth’s weather turns out to be the most unpredictable in the solar system.
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Bandicoot – cute animal

Bandicoot – cute animal

Bandicoot – cute animal


Bandicoots are amazing animals. They are small, rabbit-sized marsupials with a thick set body, short limbs, a pointed muzzle, short neck and short hairy tail. Their hind feet resemble those of kangaroos and possums. The hind feet are considerably longer than the front pair, and the second and third toes of the hind foot are fused together. The forefeet have three prominent toes with strong claws used for digging and searching for insect prey. Bandicoots have adapted to a wide range of habitats, including arid and semi-arid regions, coastal and sub-coastal habitat, savannah and lowland and mid-montane rainforest.
The smallest species mouse bandicoot weighs less than 100 g, while giant bandicoot may weigh more than 5 kg.
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Bright handsome ash

Bright handsome ash

Bright handsome ash


Ash is a tall to very tall tree usually 20–40 m in height, occasionally up to 90 m, with stem diameters of 2–3 m. The trees usually have straight stems with medium-sized crowns. Several types of ash tree are valued for their hardwood or their beauty. There are about 70 different species, or types, of ash tree. They are members of the same scientific family as olive trees, jasmines, and lilacs. Most ash trees grow in the northern half of the world. They usually need plenty of sunshine. Most ashes have a strong, straight trunk with gray bark. The green leaves are made up of several parts called leaflets. In autumn the leaves turn yellow or purple. The flowers are usually small and grow in clusters. Each seed has a papery wing shaped like a dragonfly wing.
The wood is used to make baseball bats, hockey sticks, tennis rackets, oars, furniture, tool handles, and barrels.
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Pollen – tasty and healthy

Pollen – tasty and healthy

Pollen – tasty and healthy


When springtime comes around, bees get busy and pollen fills the air. For people who suffer from allergies, pollen seems to be a curse rather than a blessing. Some plants produce astronomical quantities of pollen. Just one birch catkin, for example, may release over five million grains of pollen, and a typical birch tree will likely have several thousand catkins. For people who suffer from hay fever, this proliferation of pollen results in great discomfort.
But our lives depend on this unique dust. Pollen consists of tiny grains that are produced in the male organs of flowering and cone-bearing plants. So, plants produce pollen in order to reproduce. The female organ of a flower (the pistil) needs pollen from the male organ (the stamen) in order to be fertilized and produce fruit. Pollen grains are tiny and we can hardly see them with the unaided eye. However, under a microscope we can see that both the size and the shape are unique to each particular species. The scientists often study the pollen grains to identify plants that people cultivated centuries ago.
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Paper – useful material

Paper - useful material

Paper – useful material


People use paper for writing, printing, wrapping, and many other purposes. Hundreds of years ago people made paper by hand. Today machines produce most paper. First, the wood fibers are soaked in water and creates a soupy mixture. Next, this mixture is spread on a screen and rollers press out water. Once the fibers are dry, they have become a sheet of paper.
Paper is available in a wide variety of weights, colors, textures, and finishes for a multitude of purposes. Everyday writing and printer paper is thin and smooth. Paper used for arts and crafts is thicker and textured. Cardboard is a thick type of paper used to make packaging. Paper used for newspapers is thin and cheap. Recycled paper is made from used paper.
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Greenland – Frozen Island

Greenland - Frozen Island

Greenland – Frozen Island


Greenland is the world’s largest island most of which lies within the Arctic Circle. Its area is 2,175,600 square kilometers. Its northern tip is only 800 kilometers from the North Pole. Mountains run along the island’s east and west coasts. Gunnbjorn is the highest point (3,700 m). Greenland is almost entirely covered in ice and in some places it is more than 3000 meters thick. Deep fjords and glaciers line the coasts; in many areas the great ice sheet runs directly into the sea. The weather in Greenland is cold and may change quickly from sunshine to blizzards.
Greenland’s official name, Kalaallit Nunaat, means “land of the people.”
There are very few trees in Greenland’s tundra. Grasses, sedges, and mosslike lichens are the main plants. Only seven kinds of mammals live there. They are polar bears, musk-oxen, reindeer, arctic foxes, snow hares, ermines, and lemmings.
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