Mysterious Crop Circles
In August 1980, farmer John Scull was surprised to find a circle eighteen metres across in one of his fields in Wiltshire.
This was the first of the now famous ‘crop circles’ of the 1980s. Since then 10,000 more crop circles have appeared from Japan and China to the United States and Brazil, however, about 90% of all circles appear in England in Wiltshire.
Although the shapes began as ordinary circles, over the years they have become more and more interesting. To draw some of them, you need to do difficult mathematics. They are also very large: the biggest are about 300 metres across. Scientists who have studied the circles say that some of them are perhaps made by the weather, by a special kind of storm. We know that they have appeared since the seventeenth century — when people believed they were made by magic. Some people still think that they are made by magic, or by visitors from another planet flying above the fields!
But in 1992 two artists, Doug Bower and Dave Chorley, appeared on British television. They showed how for many years they had made strange shapes appear in English fields by making the crops flat. Many artists have followed their example.
The earliest documented mention was the English pamphlet in 1678 titled Mowing-Devil.
Crop Circles can be called the most science-oriented art style in history. It combines physics with art, creating impressive and mysterious works.
People, who create the crop circles, are highly qualified in mathematics and physics and know how to use the microwave generators.
It all started as a simple folk art, and eventually turned into a special kind of creativity based on high technologies.
Look at some of these beautiful shapes and decide for yourself: art or magic? Or both?