People throughout the world have built pyramids at different times. The word ‘pyramid’ comes from the Greek word pyramis which means ‘a wheat cake’. The Greeks thought that the pyramids looked like cakes.
The most famous pyramids were built in ancient Egypt more than 4,500 years ago. The pyramids of Mexico, Central America, and South America are also well known.
Many ancient peoples of Mexico and Central and South America built pyramids. They usually used dirt and stone.
The Maya built a famous pyramid called the Castillo in what is now southeastern Mexico. The people of the ancient city of Teotihuacan, in central Mexico, built the Pyramid of the Sun and the Pyramid of the Moon.