Watermelon – largest berry
Watermelon is an annual herbaceous plant of the family Cucurbitaceae. Its fruit is the largest berry. It can be spherical, oval, flattened or cylindrical. The rind is from white and yellow to dark green with a pattern in the form of bands and spots. Its flesh can be pink, red, white and yellow.
The native land of watermelon is South Africa (Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Cape Province, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-Western Province, North Cape). The cultural and wild watermelons originate from a common ancestor – perhaps Citrullus ecirrhosus, which grows in the Kalahari Desert and is an important source of water for Bushmen.
Already in ancient Egypt people knew and cultivated watermelons. The seeds were found in the buildings of the Twelfth Dynasty, XX century BC. Watermelon was often placed in the tombs of the pharaohs as a source of food in their afterlife (seeds were also found in the tomb of Tutankhamun). In addition, it was depicted on the walls of tombs and was mentioned in many medical prescriptions on ancient papyri.
In ancient Rome, it was eaten fresh or salted, and honey was made from it. By the 10th century, the Chinese had also eaten it and called it “melon of the West”. In September of each year they had a “watermelon festival”. Arabs thought the watermelon had a great therapeutic value.
In the medieval Western Europe watermelons appeared in the era of the Crusades. In the XIII-XIV centuries watermelons were brought by the Tatars to the territory of modern Russia.
Watermelon as a species was described in 1794 by Swedish naturalist Karl Peter Thunberg, who named it Momordica lanata.
Watermelon has a strong diuretic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, laxative and fortifying properties. It normalizes metabolic processes, enhances intestinal motility.
In Vietnam there is an interesting tradition. During the celebration of the Vietnamese New Year watermelons are always eaten. It is believed that the red color symbolizes good luck. And watermelon seeds are used as a snack.
According to the Guinness Book of Records, the heaviest watermelon weighs 159 kg and was grown by Chris Kent from the United States in 2013.
Watermelon – largest berry
Charming bear by Clive Cooper
Chinese watermelon pagoda
Piggy bank watermelon
Watermelon Still Life
Watermelon in art
Zurab Martiashvili. The seller of watermelons
William Merritt Chase. Still Life with Watermelon. 1869
William Mason Brown. Still Life with Watermelon, Grapes, Peaches, Plums and Cantaloupe. 1879
Walasse Ting. I love Watermelon! 1986
Vladimir Lyubarov. Mtsyri with watermelon, 1999
Vladimir Lubarov. Watermelon
Vladimir Alekseev. Lovers of watermelons. 2010
Victoria Protsiv. Watermelons
Sergey Torop. Sonia with a watermelon. 2006
Semen Chuikov. The daughter of the shepherd 1948-56
Robert Warren. Watermelon
Raphaelle Peale. Still Life with Watermelon. 1822
Natalia Tur. After lunch. 2002
Mikhail Nikolaevich Shchrilev. Young girl. 2007
Michael Cheval. Breakfast with Humpty-Dumpty. 2015
Maxim Pokalyov. Dad and watermelon
Marguerite Chadwick Juner. The Watermelon Eater
Madeleine McKay. Watermelon.
Luigi Frana. Boy cutting Watermelon
Konstantin Lomykin. Peasant woman with watermelon 1950s
Julie Paschkis. Fruitful
Johnny Otilano. Watermelon Vendor
James Peale. Still Life with Watermelon. 1829
Ivanov Boris Mikhailovich. Planet of the Fat Men, 2011
Ilya Mashkov. Watermelon slices, 1938
Igor Shaymardanov. Watermelons. 2004
Hojatollah Shakiba. Watermelon
Grace Carpenter Hudson. The Watermelon.
Giulio Del Torre. Merenda in Estate. 1921
Giacomo Antonio Melchiorre Ceruti
Geyur Yunus. Great watermelon. 1990
George Henry Hall. Young Women With Watermelon And Grapes. 1867
Galina Zorya. Still life with watermelon and melons. 1964
Frida Kalo. Viva la Vida. 1954
Frank Duveneck. Still Life with Watermelon, 1878
Fernando Botero. Still Life with Watermelon. 1976
Evgenia Gapchinskaya. Watermelon. 2009
Esau Andrade. Young Girl with Watermelons on Yellow Dress
Esau Andrade. Girl with Watermelons.
Edward John Poynter. On the Temple Steps
Boris Kustodiev. The Merchant on the balcony. 1920
Boris Kustodiev. The merchant drinking tea. 1923
Boris Kustodiev. The merchant at tea. 1918
Avi Schwartz. Watermelon Salesman.
Antonio Ermolao Paoletti. Venetian Children.
Andrianov Andrey Yurievich. Watermelon dream of Fernando. 2012
Andreas Lach Lady with Fruits Still-Life. 1855
Anatoly Nenartovich. Still Life with a Watermelon. 1981
A. Chukin. Watermelon
Monuments to watermelon
Monument to the watermelon in Pinghu, China
Monument to the watermelon in Vining, Minnesota, USA
Monument to watermelon in Abakan, Khakassia
Monument to watermelon in Crimea
Monument to watermelon in Kherson, Ukraine
Monument to watermelon in Saratov region, Russia
Monument to watermelon in Turkey
Watermelon in Armavir, Russia
Watermelon monument in Dilley, Texas, USA
Watermelon monument in Georgia, USA
Watermelon monument in Green River, Utah, USA
Watermelon monument in Jenin, the Palestinian Autonomy
Watermelon monument in Lincoln, Illinois, USA
Watermelon monument in Spring Green, Wisconsin, USA
Watermelon monument in Texas, USA
Watermelon monument in Utah, USA