Sun – brightest star
The sun is the star at the center of the solar system. It is a hot ball of gases that gives off great amounts of energy. Life on Earth depends on light and heat from the sun, which is about 150 million kilometers away from our planet.
The sun is the largest object in the solar system. Its diameter is about 1,392,000 kilometers, 109 times bigger than Earth’s diameter. The Sun weighs 333 thousand times larger than the Earth.
The sun consists mostly of hydrogen and helium. Its core probably reaches about 15,600,000° C. The surface temperature is about 6,000° C. The outer atmosphere is called the corona and its temperature reaches 2,000,000° C.
Every second the sun burns more than 600 million tons of hydrogen fuel into helium.
The sun is at least 4 billion years old.
The gravity of the Sun is approximately twenty-eight times greater than the gravity of the Earth.
Light comes from the Sun to the Earth in eight minutes.
The Vatican only in 1992 publicly admitted that the Earth really revolves around the Sun.
To the ancient Egyptians the Sun was a god.
Greek mythology recounts the tale of Icarus, who died in a brazen attempt to fly too close to the Sun.
One Russian folktale describes the sun as a beautiful maiden with wings like an angel.
Ancient dogma held that the Sun orbited Earth. It was not until 1543 that Nikolaus Copernicus published the heliocentric theory of the Universe.
In some tribes of Africa, the Sun is associated with the Mother.
Sol et Luna is gold and silver, king and queen, soul and body, etc. Sol niger est prima materia.
Swastika is a symbol of well-being, of the sun, a sign of favorable predestination. It appeared in ancient times and was widely distributed throughout Eurasia. It is an integral part of Buddhism, with which it got to China, Siam and Japan. This symbol is used by other religions. In the late XIX – early XX century, in connection with the fascination with the culture of the East, the swastika became very popular in Europe. At present, Europeans perceive the swastika only as a symbol of Nazism (the National Socialist Party of Germany) with all its horrors. Today it is difficult to imagine that our ancestors found something attractive in this symbol.