Hummingbird – cute tiny bird
A hummingbird is a small bird with a long, slender bill, which lives only in the Americas. It has brightly colored, glittery feathers. The males are more colorful than the females. The male birds of some species have long tail feathers. These birds are named for the humming sound made by the rapid beating of their wings.
There are 320 species of hummingbirds, which make up the family Trochilidae. The largest, giant hummingbird is only about 20 centimeters long and weighs 20 grams. The bee hummingbird is the smallest living bird of any kind and is 2.5 centimeters long.
Hummingbirds have small, weak legs, which are used only for perching, and not for walking. They only move about by flying. Hummingbirds can fly forward, sideways, straight up or down, and even backward.
They feed mainly on nectar and carry the pollen from flower to flower. So, they help the plant to reproduce. They are very active animals and must eat frequently to fuel their high-energy life style. Hummingbirds have a long bill and a long tongue to suck nectar.
Hummingbirds may enter a state of torpor when weather conditions are bad for flying.
Even the smallest hummingbirds can be quite aggressive against much larger birds.
In the past, these birds were hunted in large numbers for their beautiful feathers, which were used to decorate the clothing of fashionable women. Sometimes stuffed birds were used as a decoration on hats and as brooches.
Today they lose their natural habitat.
The hummingbird has a huge heart, which is three times as big as the stomach, and it takes more than a third of the entire body. Their heart makes 500-1000 beats per minute.
It can fly at the speed of up to 70-80 kilometers per hour.
They live about 9 years, but sometimes more.
During migration, they can overcome a thousand kilometers in less than a day.
Hummingbird is on the emblem of the island state of Trinidad and Tobago.
Their egg is as small as a pea and weighs less than two milligrams.