Ghana – Gold Coast of Africa
Ghana was once called the Gold Coast of Africa because of much gold in it. It still has the largest gold reserves in the world. Ghana is bordered by Côte d’Ivoire on the west, Burkina Faso on the northwest and north, and Togo on the east. Its official name is Republic of Ghana. Its area is 238,500 square kilometers.
Many people work in fishing, farming, logging, or gold mining. Cacao, timber, and gold are sold to other countries. Ghana also mines diamonds, manganese, and bauxite, which is used to make aluminum.
English is the official language. More than half of the people are Christian.
Long ago the Almoravids from northern Africa conquered Ghana and made its people slaves. The Portuguese arrived in the 1400s. Later came the British, the French, the Dutch, the Swedes, and the Danes. In 1901 the British made the Gold Coast a colony. In 1957 the colony won its independence and became the new country of Ghana. It became the first African colony south of the Sahara Desert to win independence. Independent Ghana was ruled at first by a prime minister. In 1960 the country became a republic with a president. Nkrumah was elected the first president.
Accra is the capital and largest city of Ghana. Accra’s name comes from nkran, a word in the language of the Akan people. Nkran are black ants. Accra reflects the cultures of the many people who have settled in the area where it now stands. The national museum and national archives and the Accra Central Library are located in the city. The University of Ghana is in nearby Legon. Black Star Square is the site of the Independence Arch.
The Black Volta and White Volta rivers feed Lake Volta, one of the largest artificial lakes in the world.
Ghana’s weavers are famous for their colorful kente cloth, which is made in narrow strips in beautiful patterns.
– In 2015, Ghana launched its first satellite.
– Paper money was brought by Europeans.
– There are sixteen sanctuaries with more than a hundred rare species of animals, including elephants and cheetahs.
– On the territory of Ghana, there are many castles of the 16th and 17th centuries, once built by the Portuguese.
– At the funeral people have fun, dance and sing. The coffins remind of the profession of the deceased: the seller of phones will be buried in the coffin-Nokia; a fisherman in a coffin-fish; athlete – in a sneaker; teachers – in the book; pilot will be buried in the coffin-plane.