Conifers are a group of trees and shrubs that produce cones. Most conifers are evergreens. There are more than 550 types of conifer. Some of the most well-known are cedars, cypresses, firs, junipers, larches, pines, redwoods, and yews.
Conifers grow all over the world. They have woody trunks and may be low shrubs or very tall trees. Their thin leaves look like needles and a waxy coating keeps them from losing water. Conifers grow cones instead of flowers or fruits. Some types grow male and female cones on the same tree. The female cones are larger and grow on the upper branches, while the male cones tend to grow on the lower branches. Others types have male or female cones on separate trees.