Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Category Archive: Nature

Volcanoes – thermostat of the planet

Volcanoes - thermostat of the planet

Volcanoes – thermostat of the planet

Deep under the Earth’s surface it’s so hot that even rock melts. Molten rock is called magma. Magma released from a volcano is known as lava. Fresh lava ranges from 1,300° to 2,200° F (700° to 1,200° C) in temperature. As it cools, it hardens into rock. Because of the wind, volcanic ash can coat the land for miles around the volcano. Some volcanoes release clouds of poisonous gas or huge clouds of ash.
They have been called the thermostat of the planet.
Many haven’t erupted in years and have cooled off, and they are called “dead volcanoes.”
There are “sleeping volcanoes” which may “wake up” someday and start erupting. For example, Mount Vesuvius in Italy slept for a thousand years and in AD 79 it suddenly woke up. Its hot lava buried the city of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
Some volcanoes help provide heat and energy. Many Icelandic homes get their hot water from springs heated by volcanic steam.
More »

Mysterious Crop Circles

Mysterious Crop Circles

Mysterious Crop Circles

In August 1980, farmer John Scull was surprised to find a circle eighteen metres across in one of his fields in Wiltshire.
This was the first of the now famous ‘crop circles’ of the 1980s. Since then 10,000 more crop circles have appeared from Japan and China to the United States and Brazil, however, about 90% of all circles appear in England in Wiltshire.
Although the shapes began as ordinary circles, over the years they have become more and more interesting. To draw some of them, you need to do difficult mathematics. They are also very large: the biggest are about 300 metres across. Scientists who have studied the circles say that some of them are perhaps made by the weather, by a special kind of storm. We know that they have appeared since the seventeenth century — when people believed they were made by magic. Some people still think that they are made by magic, or by visitors from another planet flying above the fields!
More »

The rose – myth and meanings

The rose - myth and meanings

The rose – myth and meanings


The custom of exchanging flowers may have less to do with romance and chivalry than with anxiety. For the shy or uncertain, handing over a bouquet is often the easiest way to express the sentiment.
Roses are among the oldest of cultivated flowers, with the first known to have grown in Asian gardens 5,000 years ago. In its untamed from the flower goes back even further; fossils of wild roses date back 35 million years.
Ancient myths, biblical stories, and fables all assigned meaning to flowers. In the early 1700s Charles II of Sweden introduced a new language to Europe when he brought the Persian poetical art called “the language of flowers” to the West. Floral lexicons were published throughout the 18th century, allowing secrets to be exchanged with a lily or lilac, and the entire conversation to take place in a bouquet. It seems the more popular flower, the more superstitions and meanings have been associated with it. The rose carries the most baggage by far.
More »

Earthquakes and killer waves

Earthquakes and killer waves

Earthquakes and killer waves

Everybody knows that during an earthquake the ground shakes, lots of buildings fall down and sometimes cracks appear in the earth.
Our planet is covered with a thick crust, which is cracked into more than twenty sections. These cracked sections are called tectonic plates and they are always on the move. They move very slowly, but with incredible power. An earthquake happens when they rub against each other or collide with each other.
Earthquakes happen in all parts of the world. But most of them are so small that we don’t notice them. Big earthquakes are really dangerous.
More »

The ocean

The ocean

The ocean


If you look at our planet from Space you will see it as a blue planet scattered with brown patches. The areas coloured blue are water and the brown patches are land. Over 70 percent of the Earth’s surface is covered with water, which forms a huge world sea, or ocean.
The Earth was born more than 4,5000 million years ago and there were no oceans on it. Our planet was too hot and water only existed as vapour. When the Earth began to cool down, the water vapour condensed into storm clouds, and rain began to fall. Rain water began to form pools on the surface. Nearly 1,000 million years later the oceans were born. The oceans and continents are still on the move and they couldn’t be in the same places as they were.
Some people think that the sea floor is flat but they are wrong. There are vast plains, high mountains and deep valleys on the seabed. The deepest valleys and tallest mountains on Earth are found under the sea.
More »

Kasia Polkowska and her wonderful landscapes

Kasia Polkowska and her wonderful landscapes

Kasia Polkowska and her wonderful landscapes

Kasia Polkowska is a talented contemporary artist based in Colorado, the USA. Kasia was born in 1983 in Warsaw, Poland. In 2006 the artist graduated from Pratt Institute with a Bachelor of Fine Arts in Painting. Her work ranges in various themes of architecture, fantasy and landscapes. She is keen on nature, patterns, colors and the hand-made. She always looks for something beautiful, curious, and inspirational. She investigates and explores everything she finds fascinating. Not only magic, mystery and magnificence of nature, but also man-made environments and structures attract her.
She is in love with the nature, which comes alive in her wonderful stained glass mosaics. Picturesque landscapes made of colorful glass amaze with the realism and completeness of colors.
We can see the beauty of Mother Nature in her wonderful mosaics.
More »

The living giants

Sequoia tree

Sequoia tree


The Sequoia trees are the oldest living things in the world. They grew in large forests millions of years ago, in the age of dinosaurs. During the Ice Age many kinds of Sequoias disappeared and only two kinds left on our planet. One of them, the giant Sequoia, can be found only in the north of California.
The tree was named after Sequoyah, an American Indian, who invented a written alphabet for his tribe.
No one knows how long a Sequoia can live. Many trees in Sequoia National Park, in California, are more than 3,000 years old. Now there is a law that protected Sequoias from being cut. But before it was passed one of the oldest and largest of them was chopped down. The growth ring at the center of this giant Sequoia dated back to 1305 BC. It means that it was more than a thousand years old at the time of the birth of Christ!
The General Sherman tree is one of the biggest Sequoias in the world. It is 83.8 metres high, and the diameter of its trunk is 31.4 metres.
More »