Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Category Archive: Animals

Opossum – Playing Dead to Stay Alive

Opossum - Playing Dead to Stay Alive

Opossum – Playing Dead to Stay Alive

Most opossums live in forests of Central and South America. The Virginia, or common, opossum is the only marsupial found in North America. Opossums are the oldest marsupial mammals. The ancestors of these animals have appeared at the end of the Cretaceous period, which ended about 66 million years ago. Possums were first described by Spanish chronicler of South America Pedro Cieza de Leon in 1553.
Opossums can have a body length as great as 50 cm, plus a tail (almost naked and prehensile) of up to 54 cm. They have a long, pointy white face and beady little eyes. Possums have 50 teeth. They have coarse fur that can be grayish white or nearly black. These animals live in hollow trees or under stumps and roots.
They are solitary animals, coming together only to mate.
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Cute guinea pigs

Cute guinea pigs

Cute guinea pigs

Guinea pigs are about 20 species of rodents in the family Caviidae. Guinea pigs naturally live in South America, from Colombia and Venezuela in the north, to Brazil and northern Argentina. These animals live in rocky habitats, savannas, forest edges, and swamps. Guinea pigs have a stout body, with a relatively large head, short limbs and ears, and a short tail. The front feet have four toes and the back feet have three. Each toe ends in a sharp claw.
Guinea pigs weigh 450-700 g and have a body length of 22-36 cm.
The fur of wild guinea pigs is coarse, long, dense, and generally brown or grayish. Some domestic guinea pigs are a combination of colors.
Wild guinea pigs spend the day in burrows and at night they come out to eat grass and leaves. They live in small groups of several to ten individuals.
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Donkey – Beast of Burden

Donkey - Beast of Burden

Donkey – Beast of Burden

Donkeys were among the first animals to be tamed by humans. The first donkeys probably came from Asia. People ride donkeys and use them to carry heavy loads, or burdens. The donkey is a member of the horse family.
Donkeys have long ears. They are usually white, gray, or black or shades in between. They usually have a dark stripe from the mane to the tail and a crosswise stripe on the shoulders. The mane is short and upright, and the tail has long hair only at the end.
Donkey is a domesticated or tamed animal, and ass is a wild animal.
Donkeys can survive on almost any kind of plant matter, but usually they eat hay or grass.
Sometimes people crossbreed a donkey and a horse. When the father is a donkey and the mother is a horse, the baby is called a mule.
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Wonderful Corals and Coral reefs

Wonderful Corals and Coral reefs

Wonderful Corals and Coral reefs

Coral reefs represent some of the oldest and most complex communities of plants and animals on Earth. The primary structure of a coral reef is a calcareous skeleton formed by marine invertebrate organisms known as cnidarians, which are relatives of sea anemones.
There are essentially three types of coral reefs – fringing reefs, barrier reefs, and atolls. Fringing reefs form borders along the shoreline. Barrier reefs also parallel the shoreline but are found further offshore and are separated from the coast by a lagoon. The atoll is typically a ring-shaped reef.
About 33% of all of the fishes of the world live and depend on coral reefs. Within the reef, there are hiding places for fish and other marine organisms.
The largest coral reef in the world is the Great Barrier Reef near Australia. It is more than 1,250 miles long.
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Goldfish – beautiful underwater creature

Goldfish – beautiful underwater creature

Goldfish – beautiful underwater creature

The goldfish is a popular fish to keep as a pet in aquariums and ponds. It also lives in the wild, in rivers and lakes. The goldfish is a member of the carp family. Carassius auratus is its scientific name.
There are more than 125 breeds of goldfish found throughout the world. They can be of different colors: gold, red, orange, white, black, but naturally they are greenish brown or gray. That is because 1,000 years ago people in China began breeding goldfish to create more colorful varieties.
Wild goldfish eat mostly plants and small animals.
A female goldfish can produce thousands of eggs during each breeding season.
Some fish live as long as 25 years.
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Sea horse – wonderful creature

Sea horse – wonderful creature

Sea horse – wonderful creature

A sea horse is an unusual fish with a horselike head. There are more than 20 species of sea horse. They live in warm and mild seas. They are about 4 to 30 centimeters long. Seahorse is the only fish that have a neck. They live on Earth for 40 million years.
Their body is long, narrow, segmented, and encased in a series of ring-like, bony plates. They have a long, tubular snout, tipped by a small, toothless mouth. A sea horse uses its tail to anchor itself to undersea plant.
Unlike the other inhabitants of the oceans and seas seahorses swim upright. They like chameleons imitate the color of underwater plants to avoid enemies.
Seahorses have neither teeth nor stomach. Their digestive system resembles a ramjet engine, so they have to eat all the time. Sea horses mostly feed on zooplankton and other small creatures, such as fish larvae.
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Lemming – cute fluffy creature

Lemming – cute fluffy creature

Lemming – cute fluffy creature

Lemmings are small rodents that resemble mice. They live in the northern parts of North America, Europe, and Asia. They live in mountain and forest tundra and the Arctic islands. The marshy and wet places are a true paradise for their lives!
Lemmings are about 10 to 18 centimeters long, including the short tail. The fur gets thicker in winter to help keep them warm. Lemmings live in holes that they dig in the ground. In winter they tunnel under the snow.
They feed on the bark of shrubs, moss, fungi, grasses, sedges, and other herbaceous plants, berries, insects and dumped antlers. They are quite voracious. During the day this little animal eats 2 times more than he weighs.
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