Bullfinch – red spot on snow
The bullfinch has a bright red breast and gray back set off by a coal–black head. However, only males have red breasts, the female’s breasts are brown. They have an excellent ability to imitate different sounds. Some of these birds can memorize and whistle several very complex melodies. All you need is patience to train a bird. It is quite easy to tame bullfinch.
Despite the fact that most bullfinches live in Eurasia, the largest of them, white-cheeked bullfinches, live in the hot Philippines.
In captivity, these birds live less than in nature. The weight of an adult bullfinch is about thirty grams.
Bullfinches are monogamous. During the breeding season, males coax females by offering food. Males never take part in the construction of a nest. Nestlings of bullfinches gain their independence in the third week of life.
Unlike many other birds, they will not abandon the nest to save themselves, but will fight to the last breath.
The Azores bullfinch, known locally as “piolo”, is the only endemic land bird on the Azores archipelago. The Azores bullfinch is in many ways like the common bullfinch that lives on the European continent. Unlike mainland bullfinch the Azores bullfinch is dull in its coloring. They are small in size, at about 16 centimeters long. Males are larger than females. They live in the laurel forests of the Azores. The bird’s diet consists mainly of seeds. However, in the spring it eats flower buds.
In the nineteenth century, there was an abundance of Azores bullfinches. Farmers viewed them as pests in their orchards and killed them whenever possible. As a result, by the beginning of the twentieth century these birds had become quite rare.