Bass – fish with spiky fin
The bass is valued all over the world as a source of food. There are hundreds of different species of bass. Many of them belong to the sea bass family, and others belong to the sunfish family.
Most fish have a spiky fin along their back. They vary in size from 15 centimeters to more than 2 meters. Giant sea bass may be more than 225 kilograms in weight.
The freshwater family includes the black basses, crappies, and sunfish. All have plump, oval bodies with rough scales with a comb like edge.
Black bass lives in the freshwater ponds, rivers, and lakes of North America and feeds on smaller fishes. Largemouth black bass has an upper jawbone that extends beyond the eyes.
When largemouth bass females are about to lay their eggs males will prepare the nest. After a female has laid her eggs, the male will deposit milt over them. He will guard the nest from potential enemies. After the eggs develop into fry the male guards the young for several weeks.
The smallmouth bass is found in cold, moving water.
The spotted bass lives between Ohio and Florida and in parts of Kansas and Texas in cool, fast flowing waters.
Sea bass are large fishes that prefer warmer waters. Some of them can change color. Sea bass feed on fish, mollusks, and other small animals. Sea bass is viviparous fish and gave birth to about 2 million fry.
The belted sandfish is found in the tropical Atlantic and Caribbean.
The striped bass, also called rockfish, inhabits the waters along the mid-Atlantic coasts. It may reach 45.4 kg and is highly prized for sport and food.
Groupers are highly prized for their superb flavor. In Australia the Queensland grouper reaches half a ton in weight and has a huge appetite.