Avocado – interesting fruit
Many people think that avocados are vegetables, but they are fruits. An avocado is a berry with one large seed in the center. There are more than 1,000 varieties of avocado. The name “avocado” was given to this fruit by the Spaniards, the first Europeans to try it.
Avocado trees grow wild in Mexico and in Central and South America. Today farmers grow avocados in many places with mild winters and plenty of sun.
Avocado trees can grow up to about 20 meters tall. Its broad leaves stay green all year. The fruits vary widely in size and are round or pear shaped.
Avocado is a wonderful food for people suffering from diabetes. It contains less than one and a half percent of sugars, many vitamins and microelements that are healthy and strengthen immunity. However, the avocado seed, like its leaves, bark, peel contains poisonous substances.
Avocado contains so much protein that it can completely replace meat dishes, that’s why it is good for vegetarians. 50 grams of avocado contain a daily dose of carotenoids, which contribute to the preservation of youth at the cellular level, improve skin functions and provide good vision. A person who regularly eats avocados, becomes more calm, knows how to resist troubles and remains an optimist even in the most difficult life situations.
It is the main ingredient in the Mexican sauce guacamole.
Avocado has been known for a very long time. Avocado pods were found in the tombs dating back to 750 BC. There are also cave paintings of avocados, which are 12,000 years old.
Avocados are listed in the Guinness Book of Records for being the most nutritious fruit in the world. The entry was made on September 25, 1998.
Avocados are cultivated in Brazil, Africa, Israel and the USA. One tree gives up to 300 kg of fruit per year.
Ancient peoples of Central America considered avocados to be the strongest aphrodisiac.