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Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Watermelon – largest berry

Watermelon – largest berry

Watermelon – largest berry


Watermelon is an annual herbaceous plant of the family Cucurbitaceae. Its fruit is the largest berry. It can be spherical, oval, flattened or cylindrical. The rind is from white and yellow to dark green with a pattern in the form of bands and spots. Its flesh can be pink, red, white and yellow.
The native land of watermelon is South Africa (Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Cape Province, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-Western Province, North Cape). The cultural and wild watermelons originate from a common ancestor – perhaps Citrullus ecirrhosus, which grows in the Kalahari Desert and is an important source of water for Bushmen.

Already in ancient Egypt people knew and cultivated watermelons. The seeds were found in the buildings of the Twelfth Dynasty, XX century BC. Watermelon was often placed in the tombs of the pharaohs as a source of food in their afterlife (seeds were also found in the tomb of Tutankhamun). In addition, it was depicted on the walls of tombs and was mentioned in many medical prescriptions on ancient papyri.
In ancient Rome, it was eaten fresh or salted, and honey was made from it. By the 10th century, the Chinese had also eaten it and called it “melon of the West”. In September of each year they had a “watermelon festival”. Arabs thought the watermelon had a great therapeutic value.
In the medieval Western Europe watermelons appeared in the era of the Crusades. In the XIII-XIV centuries watermelons were brought by the Tatars to the territory of modern Russia.
Watermelon as a species was described in 1794 by Swedish naturalist Karl Peter Thunberg, who named it Momordica lanata.
Watermelon has a strong diuretic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, laxative and fortifying properties. It normalizes metabolic processes, enhances intestinal motility.
In Vietnam there is an interesting tradition. During the celebration of the Vietnamese New Year watermelons are always eaten. It is believed that the red color symbolizes good luck. And watermelon seeds are used as a snack.
According to the Guinness Book of Records, the heaviest watermelon weighs 159 kg and was grown by Chris Kent from the United States in 2013.

Watermelon – largest berry

Watermelon in art

Monuments to watermelon