Morocco – amazing country
Morocco is situated at the northwestern corner of Africa, along the Strait of Gibraltar. Its official name is Kingdom of Morocco. Its area is 446,550 square kilometers. Morocco shares land borders with the two Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla, Algeria, and the Western Sahara.
Morocco is the only country in Africa with coastlines on both the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
The people of Morocco are mostly Arabs and Berbers. Arabic is the main language. Islam is the national religion.
Traders from the Middle East began arriving in North Africa more than 2,000 years ago. The Roman Empire controlled the region in the AD 300s. In 692 Arab armies arrived. From the 1000s to the 1200s Berber kingdoms ruled Morocco.
In the 1600s Morocco was an independent Islamic kingdom. In 1912 France took control of most of Morocco. In 1956 it gained independence.
Morocco’s portion of the Atlas Mountains includes the Middle Atlas, High Atlas, and Anti-Atlas. Mount Toubkal is the highest point (4,165 m).
Sebkha Tah, 55 meters below sea level, is the lowest point.
Oum er Drâa is the longest river (1200 km). Morocco has the most extensive river system in North Africa.
The Sahara Desert, the largest in the world, covers much of Western Sahara.
Toghobeit Cave, located in the Er Rif cliffs, is one of the most fantastic open caverns in the world.
Morocco has two climatic zones: coastal and interior.
Casablanca is the largest city.
Rabat, city on the northwestern coast, is the capital of the country. Modern Rabat has a mixture of cultures reflecting African, Arab, Islamic, and French influences. The name Rabat comes from the Arabic word ribat, which is often translated as “camp”.
The full Arabic name of Morocco is Al-Mamlaka al-Maghribiya, which translates as Western Kingdom.
The University in Fez, founded in 859, is the world’s first active university.
The main resources of the Moroccan economy are coal, agriculture and phosphorus. Morocco is the 12th in the list of the richest countries in Africa.