Denmark – Almost an Island
The Kingdom of Denmark is a small European country. It lies between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Denmark is surrounded by water on nearly all sides. Its area is 43,094 square kilometers. Jutland, a long peninsula, makes up most of the country’s area. Denmark also includes more than 400 islands to the east of Jutland. Straits separate Denmark from Norway and Sweden.
People in Denmark are called Danes and speak the Danish language. Minority groups include people from Turkey, Iran, and Pakistan.
Earlier Denmark was once covered by forests of oak, elm, lime (linden), and beech trees. The forests were cleared to create farmland.
The Gudenå is the longest river in Denmark and flows for 158 kilometers through Jutland. Yding Skovhoj (173 m) is the highest point and Lammefjord is the lowest point (7 m below sea level). Arre is the largest lake with the area of 40.6 square kilometers.
The Danish kingdom dates back to the Viking Age, which lasted from the 800s. By the 1000s the Danish kingdom had grown to include parts of what are now Germany, Sweden, Norway, and England. In 1397 Denmark united all of Scandinavia under its rule. Nazi Germany occupied Denmark during World War II.
In 1973 Denmark joined the European Economic Community (now the European Union).
Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark. The city is a leading center of culture and education in Europe. The statue of the Little Mermaid is the symbol of the city. The oldest library in Scandinavia is in Copenhagen. It was created in 1673 and preserves more than 500 thousand volumes and 20 thousand manuscripts, including those written in Sanskrit, in Pali and in Sinhalese.
The Danish royal family today lives in the Amalienborg Palace.
Hans Christian Andersen is a famous Danish writer. He wrote about his native Denmark in stories such as The Little Mermaid and The Fir Tree. Karen Blixen gained fame writing under the name Isak Dinesen. Scientist Niels Bohr won the Nobel Prize for Physics for his work on the structure of atoms.
The Silkeborg Museum has one of the best-preserved human mummies in the world. He’s known as Tollund man, and he lived about 2,400 years ago.
The national flag of Denmark is considered the oldest active flag in the world. Its official approval was in 1219.
According to the annual research of Cambridge University, the population of Denmark is the happiest in Europe.
LEGO was invented in Denmark in 1949. At the moment there are 6 Legolands in the world, the largest of which is in Denmark on the Jutland peninsula.
Dane Jorn Utzon (1918-2008) is the architect of the famous Sydney Opera House. In 2007, he became the second person in history, whose work was included in the list of World Heritage during his lifetime!
Bicycle is the favorite and most convenient transport in Denmark, besides in Copenhagen bike rental is completely free.
The Danish bridge Great Belt Fixed Link has the largest length in the world, it is 1.6 km.
The music festival in Roskilde is considered the largest event in the musical life of Europe.
One of the founders of the group Metallica Lars Ulrich was born in Denmark. This fact is quite interesting because in history only two famous heavy metal performers were born in this country – King Diamond and Lars Ulrich.
In Denmark there are many famous companies, for example: Carlsberg and Tuborg (beer), Royal Copenhagen (porcelain), Danfoss (heating equipment), Arla (dairy products).
Denmark produces a lot of products known on the world market. In 1847, the country began exporting magnificent Danish bacon to England. Today Denmark exports bacon around the world. Danish Lurpak oil is probably the most famous oil brand on the planet. It can be bought in more than 100 countries.