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Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Category Archive: Nature

Astonishing lilies

Astonishing lilies

Astonishing lilies


Lilies are plants that are prized for their beautiful and fragrant flowers. There are about 100 species of true lily. They belong to a much bigger plant group called the lily family, which contains about 4,000 species. The lily family includes tulips, hyacinths, and the onion. Water lilies are not part of the lily family.
Most true lily plants are about 30 to 120 centimeters tall. They have narrow leaves. The flowers can be shaped like trumpets, funnels, tubes, or bowls. They can be any of a variety of colors.
The water lily, yellow water lily, lotus, and several other aquatic plants are about 60 species of aquatic herbs. These plants occur in shallow, fresh waterbodies and the usual habitats of these plants are ponds and shallow water around lake edges. The leaves are simple, glossy, dark-green and float on the water surface. In most species, the flowers open at dawn, and close at dusk for the night.
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Lemon – Sweet, but Sour

Lemon - Sweet, but Sour

Lemon – Sweet, but Sour


Lemons are yellow fruits that grow on a small tree or spreading bush. Like limes, oranges, and grapefruit, lemons are citrus fruits. The scientific name of the plant is Citrus limon.
The lemon trees can grow quite tall (to about 3 to 6 meters high) if they are not trimmed. Their leaves are reddish when young, but they turn green. Some trees have sharp thorns next to the leaves.
Lemon flowers are large and have a lovely sweet scent. Lemon trees bloom throughout the year.
The fruit is usually picked while it is still green and is stored for three or more months until its color has changed to yellow.
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Pine – Long-Lived Tree

Pine - Long-Lived Tree

Pine – Long-Lived Tree


Some pine trees are among the oldest living trees on Earth. A bristlecone pine is the oldest living tree. It is 4,800 years old. Pines are found in mountainous places and the cool areas of the northern half of the Earth. There are about 90 varieties of pines. Their cones are the hard scaly clusters that are often used for decorations. Pine trees have needlelike leaves that stay green all year-round.
Pines vary widely in size. Some are only a few meters tall. Others grow taller than 61 meters.
The wood is used in construction as well as for making paper. Resin makes turpentine, paints, and varnishes. Pine oil can be used as medicine.
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Jupiter – biggest planet

Jupiter – biggest planet

Jupiter – biggest planet


Jupiter is the biggest planet in our solar system. In fact, it is bigger than all the other planets put together. Its diameter is about 143,000 kilometers.
The planet is named after the king of the Roman gods. Jupiter is a giant ball of gases, mostly hydrogen and helium. The center of the planet is probably made of a hot liquid. Jupiter is extremely hot, thousands of times hotter than the hottest place on Earth. Its center may reach temperatures of 25,000° C. It does not have a solid surface at all.
The planet has more than 60 moons. Most of them are very small.
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Fern – mysterious plant

Fern – mysterious plant

Fern – mysterious plant


Once upon a time the ferns covered our entire planet. And they were huge trees! Ferns are flowerless green plants. Their featherlike leaves are called fronds. Young fern leaves are tightly curled. Ferns reproduce by dispersing spores instead of seeds. The spore cases, called sporangia are located in pockets on the margins of the leaves. There are about 12,000 different species of fern throughout the world. Some types first appeared on Earth more than 360 million years ago. Some species are free-floating aquatic plants, some species grow in moist woodlands, and a few species grow in arid or semiarid regions.
Ferns come in a wide variety of sizes and shapes.
Such animals as deer eat ferns, and some birds use them to line their nests.
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Karelia – land of lake and forest

Karelia - land of lake and forest

Karelia – land of lake and forest


Karelia is a land of lake and forest, mist and rain. It has 40,000 lakes, among them Ladoga and Onega, the two largest in Europe. There is pine, spruce and the famous Karelian birch here. Fog often blankets the forests and lakes.
In Karelia, archaeologists have unearthed hundreds of Neolithic (3000-2000 B.C.) settlements, and many rock drawings – masterpieces of primitive art—have been found. About 600 drawings have been discovered on the eastern shores of Lake Onega. The primitive artists hewed human figures, animals, birds, fish, reptiles, symbols of the moon and the sun with tools made of rough stone. The site for the pictures is on the edge of a cliff by the water. Rock drawings are best seen in the slanting rays of the setting sun.
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Waterfall – performance staged by nature

Waterfall - performance staged by nature

Waterfall – performance staged by nature


Waterfalls are a unique phenomenon of nature. A waterfall is a place in a river where water spills suddenly downward. Waterfalls are known for their beauty and awesome power. Large waterfalls are called cataracts and drop straight down. Smaller or less steep waterfalls are called cascades and fall over a number of short rock walls.
Flowing river water wears away the soft rock before the hard rock. The hard rock that is left creates a steep wall. Waterfalls also form as a result of movements in Earth’s crust.
The Niagara Falls is one of the largest and the most grandiose in the world. However, Kaieteur Falls in Guyana, near the border with Venezuela, is the largest. Its height is 226 meters, which is five times higher than Niagara Falls. And there is the national park with the same name, where there are about 300 smaller waterfalls.
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