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Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Category Archive: Countries and cities

Crimea – between Europe and Asia

Crimea - between Europe and Asia

Crimea – between Europe and Asia


People came to the territory of modern Crimea about 100 thousand years ago. This is evidenced by the findings of the Neanderthal sites in the Kiik-Koba cave. Then, however, the Crimea was not a peninsula, but part of a plateau. About 8000 years ago the Mediterranean Sea broke through the Bosporus, flooding vast areas of land. It was then that the Azov Sea was formed, and the Crimea became a peninsula connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus. The Crimean Peninsula even in prehistoric times became a place for different civilizations, a kind of melting pot for many peoples.
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Wonderful bridges around the world

Wonderful bridges around the world. Pont du Gard, France

Wonderful bridges around the world. Pont du Gard, France


There are a lot of bridges all over the world. Travel on land is easier, safer, and more direct with bridges. Footbridges allow people to cross roads, rivers, and railroads safely.
The first bridges were made by placing tree trunks across rivers. Later, people made rope bridges by weaving plants together and built stone bridges with strong arches. Today bridges are built with concrete and other strong, modern materials instead of natural materials.
The Akashi-kaikyo bridge in Japan, has the longest single span of any bridge. The central span is 1,991 m long.
There are various ways of building bridges. Most of them rest on solid supports. Pontoon bridges float on the surface of the water.
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Cairo – city of thousand minarets

Cairo - city of thousand minarets

Cairo – city of thousand minarets


Since ancient times, Cairo has been called the city of thousand minarets. It is the most diverse among the megacities of Africa. It has the features of all the capitals of Egypt – the antiquity of Memphis, the divinity of Luxor, the Christian antiquity of Alexandria, the most ancient mosques of the East are preserved in it. And therefore the origins of Cairo’s greatness should be sought in the history of Egypt.
Approximately ten thousand years ago people began to populate the fertile valleys of the Nile, build dwellings along its shores, cultivate the land. It was the fertility of the Nile valley that provided the beginning of Egyptian civilization, its amazing creations – unique mosques with high minarets, majestic pyramids and mysterious sphinxes.
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Berlin Wall – death strip

Berlin Wall - death strip

Berlin Wall – death strip


The construction of the Berlin Wall, the most grandiose construction of the Cold War, began 56 years ago. Now you can see only a small fragment in the capital of Germany which was turned into a memorial. But the inhabitants of Berlin still remember with shudder this monster of concrete and barbed wire. This wall separated thousands of German families for 28 years.
Despite the fact that on May 2, 1945 the capital of the Third Reich was completely captured by the Soviet troops, at the Yalta conference it was decided to divide Berlin among the victorious countries. So the city, like a holiday cake, was cut into four pieces: the eastern one went to the USSR, the other three went to the United States, Britain and France.
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Matryoshka – Russian doll

Matryoshka – Russian doll

Matryoshka – Russian doll


The matryoshka is a set of four to eight hollow wooden dolls of graduated size nesting inside each other. It is the most familiar item of Russian folk art.
The rounded female figure was a familiar fertility symbol in pagan Russia. The most ubiquitous matryoshka is the pink-cheeked peasant woman in native sarafan, her head covered with the traditional scarf. However, there are a lot of variations. Nests of dolls with the faces of famous writers, members of artistic circles, military heroes, politicians or members of a family were created.
The first matryoshka – plump cheerful girl in scarf and Russian national dress – was born not in ancient times, as many believe.
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Greece – Land of Islands

Greece - Land of Islands

Greece – Land of Islands


Greece is surrounded on three sides by seas: to the south is the Mediterranean Sea, to the west is the Ionian Sea, and to the east is the Aegean Sea. More than 2,000 islands in the Ionian and Aegean seas belong to Greece. The islands are divided into the Ionian Islands and the Aegean Islands. The Greek mainland shares borders with Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Turkey. Its area is 131,940 square kilometers. Its official name is Hellenic Republic.
In ancient times Greece was a center of science, philosophy, and art. In the late 300s Greece became part of the Byzantine Empire. In 1453 the Turkish Ottoman Empire conquered Greece. In 1821 the Greeks began a war of independence. Supported by Great Britain, France, and Russia, Greece declared its independence in 1829.
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Karelia – land of lake and forest

Karelia - land of lake and forest

Karelia – land of lake and forest


Karelia is a land of lake and forest, mist and rain. It has 40,000 lakes, among them Ladoga and Onega, the two largest in Europe. There is pine, spruce and the famous Karelian birch here. Fog often blankets the forests and lakes.
In Karelia, archaeologists have unearthed hundreds of Neolithic (3000-2000 B.C.) settlements, and many rock drawings – masterpieces of primitive art—have been found. About 600 drawings have been discovered on the eastern shores of Lake Onega. The primitive artists hewed human figures, animals, birds, fish, reptiles, symbols of the moon and the sun with tools made of rough stone. The site for the pictures is on the edge of a cliff by the water. Rock drawings are best seen in the slanting rays of the setting sun.
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