Google+

Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Category Archive: Countries and cities

Peru – Land of the Inca

Peru - Land of the Inca

Peru – Land of the Inca

Peru is a large South American country. It is the third largest country in South America; only Brazil and Argentina are larger. In the west it has a long coastline on the Pacific Ocean. Many of Peru’s major cities are located on a narrow strip of flat land along the coast. Lima is the capital of the country. Peru shares borders with Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, and Chile.
About half of the population is American Indian. Mestizos, or people with both Indian and European roots, make up about a third of the population. There are also small groups of Japanese, Chinese, and others.
Roman Catholicism is the country’s main religion.
Around AD 1200 the Inca formed the city of Cuzco in what is now Peru. Their great empire was destroyed when Spanish soldiers seized the land in the 1530s. Millions of Inca died. In 1821 a general from Argentina captured Lima and declared Peru independent from Spain. From 1879 to 1883 Peru fought a war with Chile. Alberto Fujimori became president in 1990.
More »

Veliky Novgorod – Free City

Veliky Novgorod - Free City

Veliky Novgorod – Free City

Veliky Novgorod is one of the oldest Russian cities. It was founded (or rather, was first mentioned in chronicles) in 859. The city is located at the Volkhov River and Lake Ilmen. In the middle of the IX century and in the late XV it played the major role in Russian history, in the formation of the Orthodox culture, and the first experiments in democratic reform.
Rurik, who started the first ruling dynasty of Russia, became the head of Novgorod. Veliky Novgorod was the first capital of the Russian state. However, it was the capital for a short period, the administration quickly moved to Kiev. But for centuries Novgorod was the trade center, located on the famous route “from the Varangians to the Greeks”. It was even invited to the Hanseatic League – a powerful and influential European Trade Organization.
Veliky Novgorod could be considered the first democratic state in Europe.
More »

Venice – pearl of the Adriatic

Venice - pearl of the Adriatic

Venice – pearl of the Adriatic

If not the Huns and Germanic tribes’ invasion of northern Italy in the V-VI centuries there wouldn’t be great Venice. The barbarians forced local residents to flee the islands of the Adriatic Sea lagoon and start a new life there. The patriarch took the church treasures and moved to the island. March 25, 421 is considered as the date of foundation of Venice. It had passed different stages in its development – was the Venetian Republic, the Republic of St. Mark. Today it is a unique architectural masterpiece, the world’s only city-museum on the water.
It was not easy to live on the islands. The sea gave the fish, that could be sold, but it was necessary to develop commercial sea lanes. People had to build houses, bridges, boats, ships. Soon, hardworking Venetians gained a reputation as active and rich people.
In X-XII centuries Venice became a merchant republic. In the XV century its wealth increased, the number of residents reached nearly 200 thousand people.
More »

Congo – Two Countries One Name

Congo - Two Countries One Name

Congo – Two Countries One Name

As long as 25,000 years ago, people began to live in the forests of the Congo River basin in west-central Africa.
Today the Congo basin contains two countries separated by the Congo River. Both of the countries are called Congo. Congo (Brazzaville) is officially known as the Republic of the Congo. Congo (Kinshasa) is officially called the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
In 1483 the Portuguese arrived in the kingdom called Kongo. By the late 1800s other European countries had become interested in the Congo region. King Leopold II of Belgium claimed the region, which he called the Congo Free State, in 1885. In 1908 the Belgian Parliament took over the land, which it renamed the Belgian Congo. The local people didn’t win their independence until 1960. In September 1960 the army’s chief of staff, Joseph Mobutu, took control of the country.
Congo has a tropical climate that is warm and humid with heavy rainfall occurring mainly from March through June.
More »

Jericho – ancient city

Joshua and the walls of Jericho

Joshua and the walls of Jericho

The Bible tells us that Joshua, following the instructions of God, together with the Israeli army laid siege to the city of Jericho. The Israelites carried the Ark of the Covenant around the city walls and the priests blew the trumpets, and then the Israelites screamed all together. So, the walls of Jericho fell down, and they took the city… Since ancient times, there is an expression “the trumpets of Jericho” to describe a very loud sound that can destroy.
At the end of the XIX century German archaeologist and the Protestant Professor Ernst Sellin, who studied the biblical text, went to the Jordan Valley, which was 10 km to the northwest of the Dead Sea, and began to dig. After a few years of hard work he was able to pull out from the darkness of millennia evidence of the existence of the city. He found walls, towers, shards of crockery. He was the first to prove that there was once a town which was not only the oldest, but the story in the Bible about it was true.
More »

Vatican City – The Smallest State

Vatican City - The Smallest State

Vatican City – The Smallest State

Vatican City is the smallest fully independent state in the world. Its area is only 0.44 square kilometers. It stands on the banks of the Tiber River in Italy and is surrounded by the city of Rome. Vatican City is also called the Holy See. Vatican is inside the city of Rome. The Leonine Wall forms the enclave’s western and southern boundaries. Only around 1000 people (95% are men) live in Vatican City, but millions of Roman Catholics from all over the world travel each year to visit it. All the inhabitants of the Vatican have citizenship of the country where they were born.
The Vatican palace is the official home of the pope, the head of the Roman Catholic church. It contains the pope’s apartments, museums, a library, and the Sistine Chapel. The Sistine Chapel is best known for Michelangelo’s paintings on its ceiling showing scenes from the Old Testament in the Bible.
More »

Kingdom of Cambodia – exotic country

Kingdom of Cambodia – exotic country

Kingdom of Cambodia – exotic country

Kingdom of Cambodia is the Southeast Asian country which has long served as a battleground between various countries and political groups. Cambodia is bordered by Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam. The country has a tropical climate with a rainy season and a dry season.
The Khmer ethnic group makes up about 85 percent of the population. More than 80 percent of the population lives in rural areas. Cambodia’s main products are clothing and textiles, leather, foods, rubber goods, and logs.
Buddhism is the main religion.
People have lived in what is now Cambodia for at least 6,000 years. The most famous of Cambodia’s ancient kingdoms was the powerful Khmer Empire. They constructed the famous temples of Angkor Wat in the 1100s.
More »

Page 20 of 26« First...10...1819202122...Last »