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Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Category Archive: Countries and cities

Awesome Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius

Awesome Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius

Awesome Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius


Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius is 70 km to the north-east of Moscow on the southern slope of the Smolensk-Moscow Upland in the city of Sergiev Posad. It is famous not only in the religious world. It was founded in 1345 by Sergius of Radonezh, who was a spiritual leader and monastic reformer. A century later the monastery became widely known spiritual and cultural center of the Moscow principality.
He was called Bartholomew, his parents were the Rostov boyars Cyril and Maria. From his childhood he was reading holy books. As a boy he wanted to devote his life to the Orthodox Church. But eventually his parents became impoverished and in 1328 the family moved to the Pokrovsky Monastery in Khotkovo – one of the first monasteries that was built on the lands of the Moscow principality. There lived men and women at that time, but later it became a nunnery. His parents and elder brother diligently served God and were buried there.
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India – Land of Temples and Shrines

India - Land of Temples and Shrines

India – Land of Temples and Shrines


More people live in India than in any other country in the world except China. The people speak dozens of languages, including Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, and Tamil. The country is the birthplace of two major religions: Hinduism and Buddhism. Its official name is Republic of India.
Its area is 3,287,590 square kilometers. Much of India’s territory is a peninsula that extends into the Indian Ocean. India shares borders with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.
The high Himalayas rise in the north. The Indus River gave the country its name. The Ganges is sacred to followers of Hinduism. The Thar Desert is in the northwest.
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Ghana – Gold Coast of Africa

Ghana - Gold Coast of Africa

Ghana – Gold Coast of Africa


Ghana was once called the Gold Coast of Africa because of much gold in it. It still has the largest gold reserves in the world. Ghana is bordered by Côte d’Ivoire on the west, Burkina Faso on the northwest and north, and Togo on the east. Its official name is Republic of Ghana. Its area is 238,500 square kilometers.
Many people work in fishing, farming, logging, or gold mining. Cacao, timber, and gold are sold to other countries. Ghana also mines diamonds, manganese, and bauxite, which is used to make aluminum.
English is the official language. More than half of the people are Christian.
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Crystal Palace – amazing construction

Crystal Palace – amazing construction

Crystal Palace – amazing construction

The most magnificent building of the XIX century was built in London’s Hyde Park on an area of 7.7 hectares for the first World Exhibition in 1851. It was made of glass and iron. The admired inhabitants of London called it the Crystal Palace. The length of the palace was 563 m, width – 125 m, height – about 40 m. It was built in a record short time – 7 months.
The idea of organizing the first World Exhibition for the purpose of unifying humanity belonged to Queen Victoria’s husband, the ambitious Prince Albert, President of the Royal Society of Arts. According to Prince Albert, such exhibitions in the future should demonstrate the achievements of each country and promote rapprochement and understanding of peoples.
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Pakistan – Land of the Indus Civilization

Pakistan - Land of the Indus Civilization

Pakistan – Land of the Indus Civilization


Pakistan is a Muslim country in southern Asia. Its area is 803,940 square kilometers. Its official name is Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Pakistan shares borders with Iran, Afghanistan, China, and India.
For many years Pakistan and India were a single country known as British India. In 1947 it became an independent country. There were East Pakistan and West Pakistan. In 1971, East Pakistan became a separate country called Bangladesh. Pakistan was the site of the ancient Indus civilization, which lasted until 1700 BC. It is also home to many historic mosques, tombs, and shrines.
The mountains of the Karakoram Range and the Himalayas are in the north.
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Samurai – icon of Japanese history

Samurai - icon of Japanese history

Samurai – icon of Japanese history

For hundreds of years warriors called samurai controlled Japan. The Japanese emperor took away the power of the samurai in 1871.
The first samurai protected vast lands owned by members of Japan’s upper class. Gradually the samurai spread out across the country and got their own pieces of land. They became more and more powerful. In 1185 one of the samurai gained military control of all Japan and in 1192 he took the title of shogun. The emperors had less power than the shoguns.
The originally Chinese term samurai means “a person who serves in close attendance to nobility.” They served with a loyalty, bravery, and honor that have made the samurai one of the best-known icons of Japanese history. The samurai are symbols of Japan’s feudal past before the rapid modernization.
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Statue of Christ the Redeemer in Brazil

Statue of Christ the Redeemer in Brazil

Statue of Christ the Redeemer in Brazil

Until the 30s of the XX century, Mount Corcovado attracted the attention of architects and sculptors who dreamed to install on it some national symbol.
In 1921, the popular weekly magazine announced the best monument contest. The project of the little-known engineer Ector da Silva Costa was the winner. He offered to erect a statue of Christ on Corcovada with arms outstretched, embracing the whole Rio de Janeiro. Brazil is a Catholic country and very religious. Everyone liked the idea: the fathers of the city, the public and the church. Jesus Christ hugging the city was the great idea.
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