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Wander Lord

Interesting on art, nature, people, history

Category Archive: Art

Umbrella – protection from sun and rain

Umbrella – protection from sun and rain

Umbrella – protection from sun and rain


Today, each of us can afford to have our own umbrella. However, in ancient times umbrellas were the privilege of distinguished persons.
The first image of the umbrella is found on the monument to Sargon the Ancient, the king of Akkad, built around 2400 BC in honor of the victories of the ruler, who united all the Sumerian territories (modern Iraq). Sargon is pictured ahead of his army, and a servant with a sun umbrella stands behind him.
Years passed. Sun umbrellas became popular all over the Mediterranean and reached Egypt. When traveling on chariots, Pharaoh and his family members used sun umbrellas. The first Egyptian umbrellas were made of palm branches, later they were made of papyrus.
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Noah’s Ark – myth or reality

Noah's Ark – myth or reality

Noah’s Ark – myth or reality


The myth of a great flood – a terrible catastrophe, sent by divine power in time immemorial to destroy human civilization – is widespread among dozens of peoples of the world. The most famous of these myths are the biblical story of the Flood and Noah’s Ark, the Hindu legend of Manu, the tale of the Deucalion Flood in Greek mythology, the Babylonian myth of Utnapishtim in the Epic of Gilgamesh.
The earliest existing legend of the Flood appeared in the Ancient Sumer. The text of the Sumerian flood poem, dated to the 17th century BC. It was found during excavations of the city of Nippur and in 1914 it was published by Arno Poebel. The poem tells how the god Enki warned the king-priest Ziusudra about the decision of the gods to destroy mankind. Enki ordered the king to build a large boat. The flood lasted seven days and seven nights, after which Ziusudra left his ship and sacrificed bulls and sheep. Then the hero was instructed to populate the land again.
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Astonishing lilies

Astonishing lilies

Astonishing lilies


Lilies are plants that are prized for their beautiful and fragrant flowers. There are about 100 species of true lily. They belong to a much bigger plant group called the lily family, which contains about 4,000 species. The lily family includes tulips, hyacinths, and the onion. Water lilies are not part of the lily family.
Most true lily plants are about 30 to 120 centimeters tall. They have narrow leaves. The flowers can be shaped like trumpets, funnels, tubes, or bowls. They can be any of a variety of colors.
The water lily, yellow water lily, lotus, and several other aquatic plants are about 60 species of aquatic herbs. These plants occur in shallow, fresh waterbodies and the usual habitats of these plants are ponds and shallow water around lake edges. The leaves are simple, glossy, dark-green and float on the water surface. In most species, the flowers open at dawn, and close at dusk for the night.
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History of Statue of Liberty

History of Statue of Liberty

History of Statue of Liberty


For any traveler first arriving from Europe to the US by sea, the first acquaintance with New York begins with the Statue of Liberty. Frederic Auguste Bartholdi wanted a majestic female figure to reflect the symbol of friendship between Europe and America, between France and the United States.
The French historian Edouard de Laboulaye planned the statue in 1865 to symbolize liberty, and to commemorate the friendship of France with the United States. It was designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi and built by the company owned by Alexandre Gustave Eiffel. Alexandre Gustave built his famous Eiffel Tower in Paris.
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Crimea – between Europe and Asia

Crimea - between Europe and Asia

Crimea – between Europe and Asia


People came to the territory of modern Crimea about 100 thousand years ago. This is evidenced by the findings of the Neanderthal sites in the Kiik-Koba cave. Then, however, the Crimea was not a peninsula, but part of a plateau. About 8000 years ago the Mediterranean Sea broke through the Bosporus, flooding vast areas of land. It was then that the Azov Sea was formed, and the Crimea became a peninsula connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus. The Crimean Peninsula even in prehistoric times became a place for different civilizations, a kind of melting pot for many peoples.
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History of photography

History of photography

History of photography


The word photography comes from two ancient Greek words: photo, for light, and graph, for drawing.
Photography is the process of taking pictures and it requires a camera. Cameras work basically as our eyes do. Light enters through an aperture and then passes through a lens. In a traditional camera, film received and captured the image. The film had to be taken out of the camera and developed in order to finish the process of creating a photograph. Digital cameras do not use film. Instead, they translate the image into numbers recorded on a disk inside the camera. A computer decodes these numbers and displays a picture.
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Lemon – Sweet, but Sour

Lemon - Sweet, but Sour

Lemon – Sweet, but Sour


Lemons are yellow fruits that grow on a small tree or spreading bush. Like limes, oranges, and grapefruit, lemons are citrus fruits. The scientific name of the plant is Citrus limon.
The lemon trees can grow quite tall (to about 3 to 6 meters high) if they are not trimmed. Their leaves are reddish when young, but they turn green. Some trees have sharp thorns next to the leaves.
Lemon flowers are large and have a lovely sweet scent. Lemon trees bloom throughout the year.
The fruit is usually picked while it is still green and is stored for three or more months until its color has changed to yellow.
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